JSTL - SQL <sql:param> Tag


The <sql:param> tag used as a nested action for the <sql:query> tag and the <sql:update> tag to supply a value for a value placeholder. If a null value is provided, the value is set to SQL NULL for the placeholder.


The <sql:param> tag has the following attributes −

Attribute Description Required Default
Value Value of the parameter to set No Body


To start with the basic concept, let us create an Employees table in the TEST database and create few records in that table as follows −

Step 1

Open a Command Prompt and change to the installation directory as follows −

C:\>cd Program Files\MySQL\bin
C:\Program Files\MySQL\bin>

Step 2

Login to the database as follows −

C:\Program Files\MySQL\bin>mysql -u root -p
Enter password: ********

Step 3

Create the Employee table in the TEST database as follows −

mysql> use TEST;
mysql> create table Employees
      id int not null,
      age int not null,
      first varchar (255),
      last varchar (255)
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.08 sec)

Create Data Records

We will now create a few records in the Employee table as follows −

mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (100, 18, 'Zara', 'Ali');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)
mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (101, 25, 'Mahnaz', 'Fatma');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (102, 30, 'Zaid', 'Khan');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (103, 28, 'Sumit', 'Mittal');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

Let us now write a JSP which will make use of the <sql:update> tag to execute an SQL DELETE statement to delete one record with id = 103 from the table as follows −

<%@ page import = "java.io.*,java.util.*,java.sql.*"%>
<%@ page import = "javax.servlet.http.*,javax.servlet.*" %>
<%@ taglib uri = "http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix = "c"%>
<%@ taglib uri = "http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/sql" prefix = "sql"%>

      <title>JSTL sql:param Tag</title>

      <sql:setDataSource var = "snapshot" driver = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"
         url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/TEST"
         user = "root"  password = "pass123"/>

      <c:set var = "empId" value = "103"/>

      <sql:update dataSource = "${snapshot}" var = "count">
         DELETE FROM Employees WHERE Id = ?
         <sql:param value = "${empId}" />

      <sql:query dataSource = "${snapshot}" var = "result">
         SELECT * from Employees;
      <table border = "1" width = "100%">
            <th>Emp ID</th>
            <th>First Name</th>
            <th>Last Name</th>
         <c:forEach var = "row" items = "${result.rows}">
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.id}"/></td>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.first}"/></td>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.last}"/></td>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.age}"/></td>


Access the above JSP, the following result will be displayed −

|    Emp ID   |    First Name  |     Last Name   |       Age       |
|     100     |    Zara        |     Ali         |       18        |
|     101     |    Mahnaz      |     Fatma       |       25        |
|     102     |    Zaid        |     Khan        |       30        |

You can try the <sql:param> tag with the SQL UPDATE and the SELECT statements as well in the same way as we have used it with the DELETE statement.


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