JSTL Core <fmt:formatDate> Tag

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The <fmt:formatDate> tag is used to format dates in a variety of ways

Attribute:

The <fmt:formatDate> tag has following attributes:

AttributeDescription RequiredDefault
valueDate value to displayYesNone
typeDATE, TIME, or BOTHNodate
dateStyleFULL, LONG, MEDIUM, SHORT, or DEFAULTNodefault
timeStyleFULL, LONG, MEDIUM, SHORT, or DEFAULTNodefault
patternCustom formatting patternNoNone
timeZoneTime zone of the displayed dateNoDefault time zone
varName of the variable to store the formatted dateNoPrint to page
scopeScope of the variable to store the formatted dateNopage

The pattern attribute to specify even more precise handling of the date:

CodePurpose Sample

G

The era designator

AD

y

The year

2002

M

The month

April & 04

d

The day of the month

20

h

The hour(12-hour time)

12

H

The hour(24-hour time)

0

m

The minute

45

s

The second

52

S

The millisecond

970

E

The day of the week

Tuesday

D

The day of the year

180

F

The day of the week in the month

2 (2nd Wed in month)

w

The week in the year

27

W

The week in the month

2

a

The a.m./p.m. indicator

PM

k

The hour(12-hour time)

24

K

The hour(24-hour time)

0

z

The time zone

Central Standard Time

'

 

The escape for text

''

 

The single quote

Example:

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ taglib prefix="fmt" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/fmt" %>

<html>
<head>
  <title>JSTL fmt:dateNumber Tag</title>
</head>
<body>
<h3>Number Format:</h3>
<c:set var="now" value="<%=new java.util.Date()%>" />

<p>Formatted Date (1): <fmt:formatDate type="time" 
            value="${now}" /></p>
<p>Formatted Date (2): <fmt:formatDate type="date" 
            value="${now}" /></p>
<p>Formatted Date (3): <fmt:formatDate type="both" 
            value="${now}" /></p>
<p>Formatted Date (4): <fmt:formatDate type="both" 
            dateStyle="short" timeStyle="short" 
            value="${now}" /></p>
<p>Formatted Date (5): <fmt:formatDate type="both" 
            dateStyle="medium" timeStyle="medium" 
            value="${now}" /></p>
<p>Formatted Date (6): <fmt:formatDate type="both" 
            dateStyle="long" timeStyle="long" 
            value="${now}" /></p>
<p>Formatted Date (7): <fmt:formatDate pattern="yyyy-MM-dd" 
            value="${now}" /></p>

</body>
</html>

This would produce following result:

Date Format:

Formatted Date (1): 14:27:18

Formatted Date (2): 23-Sep-2010

Formatted Date (3): 23-Sep-2010 14:27:18

Formatted Date (4): 23/09/10 14:27

Formatted Date (5): 23-Sep-2010 14:27:18

Formatted Date (6): 23 September 2010 14:27:18 GST

Formatted Date (7): 2010-09-23



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