Java Examples - Array sort and insert

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Problem Description:

How to sort an array and insert an element inside it?

Solution:

Following example shows how to use sort () method and user defined method insertElement ()to accomplish the task.

import java.util.Arrays;

public class MainClass {
   public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {
      int array[] = { 2, 5, -2, 6, -3, 8, 0, -7, -9, 4 };
      Arrays.sort(array);
      printArray("Sorted array", array);
      int index = Arrays.binarySearch(array, 1);
      System.out.println("Didn't find 1 @ "
      + index);
      int newIndex = -index - 1;
      array = insertElement(array, 1, newIndex);
      printArray("With 1 added", array);
   }
   private static void printArray(String message, int array[]) {
      System.out.println(message
      + ": [length: " + array.length + "]");
      for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
         if (i != 0){
            System.out.print(", ");
         }
         System.out.print(array[i]);         
      }
      System.out.println();
   }
   private static int[] insertElement(int original[],
   int element, int index) {
      int length = original.length;
      int destination[] = new int[length + 1];
      System.arraycopy(original, 0, destination, 0, index);
      destination[index] = element;
      System.arraycopy(original, index, destination, index
      + 1, length - index);
      return destination;
   }
}

Result:

The above code sample will produce the following result.

Sorted array: [length: 10]
-9, -7, -3, -2, 0, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8
Didn't find 1 @ -6
With 1 added: [length: 11]
-9, -7, -3, -2, 0, 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8


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