AWT WindowListener Interface

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The class which processes the WindowEvent should implement this interface.The object of that class must be registered with a component. The object can be registered using the addWindowListener() method.

Interface declaration

Following is the declaration for java.awt.event.WindowListener interface:

public interface WindowListener
   extends EventListener

Interface methods

S.N.Method & Description
1void windowActivated(WindowEvent e)
Invoked when the Window is set to be the active Window.
2void windowClosed(WindowEvent e)
Invoked when a window has been closed as the result of calling dispose on the window.
3void windowClosing(WindowEvent e)
Invoked when the user attempts to close the window from the window's system menu.
4void windowDeactivated(WindowEvent e)
Invoked when a Window is no longer the active Window.
5void windowDeiconified(WindowEvent e)
Invoked when a window is changed from a minimized to a normal state.
6void windowIconified(WindowEvent e)
Invoked when a window is changed from a normal to a minimized state.
7void windowOpened(WindowEvent e)
Invoked the first time a window is made visible.

Methods inherited

This interface inherits methods from the following interfaces:

  • java.awt.EventListener

WindowListener Example

Create the following java program using any editor of your choice in say D:/ > AWT > com > tutorialspoint > gui >

AwtListenerDemo.java
package com.tutorialspoint.gui;

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;

public class AwtListenerDemo {
   private Frame mainFrame;
   private Label headerLabel;
   private Label statusLabel;
   private Panel controlPanel;

   public AwtListenerDemo(){
      prepareGUI();
   }

   public static void main(String[] args){
      AwtListenerDemo  awtListenerDemo = new AwtListenerDemo();  
      awtListenerDemo.showWindowListenerDemo();
   }

   private void prepareGUI(){
      mainFrame = new Frame("Java AWT Examples");
      mainFrame.setSize(400,400);
      mainFrame.setLayout(new GridLayout(3, 1));
      mainFrame.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent windowEvent){
            System.exit(0);
         }        
      });    
   
      headerLabel = new Label();
      headerLabel.setAlignment(Label.CENTER);
      statusLabel = new Label();        
      statusLabel.setAlignment(Label.CENTER);
      statusLabel.setSize(350,100);

      controlPanel = new Panel();
      controlPanel.setLayout(new FlowLayout());

      mainFrame.add(headerLabel);
      mainFrame.add(controlPanel);
      mainFrame.add(statusLabel);
      mainFrame.setVisible(true);  
   }

   private void showWindowListenerDemo(){
      headerLabel.setText("Listener in action: WindowListener");      

      Button okButton = new Button("OK");

      aboutFrame = new Frame();
      aboutFrame.setSize(300,200);;
      aboutFrame.setTitle("WindowListener Demo");
      aboutFrame.addWindowListener(new CustomWindowListener());

      Label msgLabel = new Label("Welcome to tutorialspoint.");
      msgLabel.setAlignment(Label.CENTER);
      msgLabel.setSize(100,100);
      aboutFrame.add(msgLabel);
      aboutFrame.setVisible(true);
   }

   class CustomWindowListener implements WindowListener {
      public void windowOpened(WindowEvent e) {
      }

      public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e) {
         aboutFrame.dispose();      
      }
      
      public void windowClosed(WindowEvent e) {
      }

      public void windowIconified(WindowEvent e) {
      }

      public void windowDeiconified(WindowEvent e) {
      }

      public void windowActivated(WindowEvent e) {
      }

      public void windowDeactivated(WindowEvent e) {
      }
   }   
}

Compile the program using command prompt. Go to D:/ > AWT and type the following command.

D:\AWT>javac com\tutorialspoint\gui\AwtListenerDemo.java

If no error comes that means compilation is successful. Run the program using following command.

D:\AWT>java com.tutorialspoint.gui.AwtListenerDemo

Verify the following output

AWT WindowListener

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