AWT FocusListener Interface

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Introduction

The interfaceFocusListener is used for receiving keyboard focus events. The class that process focus events needs to implements this interface.

Class declaration

Following is the declaration for java.awt.event.FocusListener interface:

public interface FocusListener
extends EventListener

Interface methods

S.N.Method & Description
1void focusGained(FocusEvent e)
Invoked when a component gains the keyboard focus.
2void focusLost(FocusEvent e)
Invoked when a component loses the keyboard focus.

Methods inherited

This class inherits methods from the following interfaces:

  • java.awt.event.EventListener

FocusListener Example

Create the following java program using any editor of your choice in say D:/ > AWT > com > tutorialspoint > gui >

AwtListenerDemo.java
package com.tutorialspoint.gui;

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;

public class AwtListenerDemo {
   private Frame mainFrame;
   private Label headerLabel;
   private Label statusLabel;
   private Panel controlPanel;

   public AwtListenerDemo(){
      prepareGUI();
   }

   public static void main(String[] args){
      AwtListenerDemo  awtListenerDemo = new AwtListenerDemo();  
      awtListenerDemo.showFocusListenerDemo();
   }

   private void prepareGUI(){
      mainFrame = new Frame("Java AWT Examples");
      mainFrame.setSize(400,400);
      mainFrame.setLayout(new GridLayout(3, 1));
      mainFrame.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent windowEvent){
            System.exit(0);
         }        
      });    
   
      headerLabel = new Label();
      headerLabel.setAlignment(Label.CENTER);
      statusLabel = new Label();        
      statusLabel.setAlignment(Label.CENTER);
      statusLabel.setSize(350,100);

      controlPanel = new Panel();
      controlPanel.setLayout(new FlowLayout());

      mainFrame.add(headerLabel);
      mainFrame.add(controlPanel);
      mainFrame.add(statusLabel);
      mainFrame.setVisible(true);  
   }

       
   private void showFocusListenerDemo(){

      headerLabel.setText("Listener in action: FocusListener");      

      Button okButton = new Button("OK");
      Button cancelButton = new Button("Cancel");
      okButton.addFocusListener(new CustomFocusListener());  
      cancelButton.addFocusListener(new CustomFocusListener());  

      controlPanel.add(okButton);
      controlPanel.add(cancelButton);     
      mainFrame.setVisible(true);  
   }

   class CustomFocusListener implements FocusListener{
      public void focusGained(FocusEvent e) {
         statusLabel.setText(statusLabel.getText() 
         + e.getComponent().getClass().getSimpleName() + " gained focus. ");
      }

      public void focusLost(FocusEvent e) {
         statusLabel.setText(statusLabel.getText() 
         + e.getComponent().getClass().getSimpleName() + " lost focus. ");
      }
   }
}

Compile the program using command prompt. Go to D:/ > AWT and type the following command.

D:\AWT>javac com\tutorialspoint\gui\AwtListenerDemo.java

If no error comes that means compilation is successful. Run the program using following command.

D:\AWT>java com.tutorialspoint.gui.AwtListenerDemo

Verify the following output

AWT focusListener

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