XAML Vs. VB.NET


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In this chapter, we will write the same example in VB.Net so that those who are familiar with VB.Net can also understand the advantages of XAML.

Let’s take a look at the the same example again which is written in XAML −

<Window x:Class = "XAMLVsCode.MainWindow" 
   xmlns = "http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" 
   xmlns:x = "http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" Title = "MainWindow" Height = "350" Width = "604"> 
	
   <StackPanel> 
      <TextBlock Text = "Welcome to XAML Tutorial with VB.net" Height="20" Width="220" Margin = "5"/> 
      <Button Content = "Ok" Height = "20" Width = "60" Margin = "5"/> 
   </StackPanel> 
	
</Window> 

In this example, we have created a stack panel with a button and a Text block and defined some of the properties of the button and the text block such as Height, Width, and Margin. When the above code is compiled and executed, it will produce the following output −

Xaml Vb.net

Now look at the same code which is written in VB.Net −

Public Class MainWindow
  
   Private Sub Window_Loaded(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs) 
      Dim panel As New StackPanel() 
      panel.Orientation = Orientation.Vertical 
      Me.Content = panel 
      Dim txtInput As New TextBlock 
		
      txtInput.Text = "Welcome to XAML Tutorial with VB.net" 
      txtInput.Width = 220 
      txtInput.Height = 20 
      txtInput.Margin = New Thickness(5) 
		
      panel.Children.Add(txtInput)  
      Dim btn As New Button()
		
      btn.Content = "Ok" 
      btn.Width = 60 
      btn.Height = 20 
      btn.Margin = New Thickness(5) 
		
      panel.Children.Add(btn)
		
   End Sub 
	
End Class 

When the above code is compiled and executed the output is exactly the same as the output of XAML code.

Xaml Vb.Net

You can now visualize how simple it is to work with XAML as compared to VB.Net.

In the above example, we have seen that what we can do in XAML can also be done in other procedural languages such as C# and VB.Net.

Let’s have a look at another example in which we will use both XAML and VB.Net. We will design a GUI in XAML and the behavior will be implemented in VB.Net.

In this example, a button is added to the main window. When the user clicks this button, it displays a message on the message box. Here is the code in XAML in which a Button Object is declared with some properties.

<Window x:Class="MainWindow" 
   xmlns = "http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" 
   xmlns:x = "http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" Title = "MainWindow" Height = "350" Width = "604"> 
	
   <Grid> 
      <Button Name = "btn" HorizontalAlignment = "Center" Width = "60" Height = "30" Content = "Click Me" /> 
   </Grid> 
	
</Window> 

In VB.Net, the button click event (behavior) is implemented. This event displays the message on the messagebox.

Public Class MainWindow

   Private Sub btn_Click(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs) Handles btn.Click 
      MessageBox.Show("Button is Clicked") 
   End Sub 
	
End Class 

When the above code is compiled and executed, it will display the following screen −

Message Box

Now click on the above button that says "Click Me". It will display the following message −

Click Me

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