Study of virtual specimens and identification with reasons


Identification of the characteristics of different species is very important to signify their kingdom along with their class, order, as well as genus or species. In this study, several specimens of different classes will be observed.

What are Specimens?

There are several specimens available on this planet with great variation. The common characteristics of the species lead to proper classifications according to their kingdom and species.

Aim of the Experiment

The principal aim of this experiment is to identify the physical features of numerous types of specimens.

Required Equipment

In order to make a successful experiment, some equipment are required like different specimens of animals that are freshly prepared, a pencil and a file for keeping a record. Besides this an eraser, sharpener, rulers as well as complete laboratory guidance.

Virtual Specimens and their characteristics

Amoeba proteus: The biological classification of amoeba proteus is as follows −

  • Kingdom- Protista

  • Phylum- Protozoa

  • Class- Sarcodine

  • Order- Amoebida

  • Genus- Amoeba

  • Species- Proteus

The characteristics of this species are −

  • It is irregular in shape and unicellular animal.

  • Exhibit pseudopodia, are blunt as well as their projections of them are like a finger. It is mostly used in locomotion as well as phagocytosis.

  • These animals mostly exhibit contractile vacuole.

Figure 1: Amoeba proteus

A microscopic animal has a single cell of 0.2 to 0.5mm in diameter. This type of animal is mostly found in different water bodies like rivers, ponds and lakes. Protoplasm can be categorized into two different categories inner endoplasm as well as outer ectoplasm.

Hydra: The biological classification of hydra is as follows −

  • Kingdom- Animalia

  • Phylum - Cnidaria

  • Class- Hydrozoa

  • Order- Hydrozoida

  • Genus- Hydra

  • Species- Hydra

The characteristics of this species are outlined below −

  • The body of this animal is soft and they are diploblastic.

  • The structure of their body is like a funnel namely hypostome in the oral part.

  • In their body around 5 to 10 tentacles are found and it is helpful to capture pray and kill them.

  • Their body includes a gastro vascular cavity that opens to their oral section.

Figure 2: Hydra

These animals are freshwater forms that are mostly found in the mountain areas. Their body resembles a cylinder and of their body posterior is seen. The wall of their body is made up of two different cell layers.

Prawn: The biological classification of prawns is as follows −

  • Kingdom- Animalia

  • Phylum- Arthropoda

  • Class- Crustacea

  • Order- Decapoda

  • Genus- Palaemon

  • Species- Malcolmsonii

The characteristics of this species are discussed below −

  • This entity is mainly found in freshwaters like ponds and rivers.

  • Their body is compressed as well as protected by a chitinous exoskeleton. It further exhibits anterior cephalothorax along with a posterior abdomen.

  • This first part is divided into 5 segments as the thorax is divided into 8 segments.

  • A pair of eyes is stalked on a rostrum base.

  • Every segment includes two appendages and in the head section, there are 5 pairs while in the thorax region 8 pairs of the appendage are seen.

Figure 3: Diagram of prawn

Two abdominal sections are seen at the ventral segments that are known as swimmers and the uropods are the last pair which is seen in the abdomen part of appendages.

Carp: The biological classification of carp is as follows −

  • Kingdom- Animalia

  • Phylum- Chordata

  • Class- Vertebrata

  • Genus- Osteichthyes

  • Species- Rohita

The characteristics of this species are mentioned below −

  • These species are mainly found in freshwaters like ponds and rivers.

  • Their body is compressed as well as matures up to 1 meter. Their body is divided into several sections such as the head, trunk, as well as tail that are overlapped by several cycloid scales.

  • The head of this species is like a fringe and it includes no teeth, two eyes along with a nostril.

  • A total of 8 gills are found in the body of this animal that is helpful in their breathing and it is arranged in a lateral manner. There is a clear lateral border in their body.

Figure 4: Diagram of carp

The trunk of this species comprises two pectorals, two pelvic and a dorsal fin. Besides this, a ventral and a homocercal caudal fin are also included in their body parts.


This process is an important process to know the classifications as well as physical features of animals. Another importance of this experiment is to make a detailed discussion on the physical features as well as their habitats or food habits.


Q1. What are the common features of pigeons?

Ans. The physical features of animals are mentioned

  • It is a domestic bird, commonly seen and its body shape is like a boat that is divided into three different parts head, trunk as well as tail.

  • Its body is covered with feathers and feet by epidermal scutes.

  • Their forelimbs are turned into wings, which is helpful for flight.

  • Its digits are ended with claws and it has pneumatic bones. Teeth are fully absent in this animal.

Q2. What is the kingdom and genus of pigeons?

Ans. The scientific name of this animal is Columba Livia. This is a specimen of a kingdom Animalia and phylum Chordata. The subphylum of this specimen is Vertebrata and the class is Aves. The genus is Columba and the species of this animal is known as Livia.

Q3. What are the classifications of rabbits?

Ans. The scientific name of the rabbit is Oryctolagus cuniculus. This is a specimen of a kingdom Animalia and phylum Chordata. The subphylum of this specimen is Vertebrata and the class is Mammalia. The order of this animal is Lagomorpha and the genus is Oryctolagus. The species of this animal is known as Cuniculus.

Updated on: 24-Apr-2023


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