# Sort Transformed Array in C++

Suppose we have a sorted array of integer nums and integer values a, b and c. We have to apply a quadratic function of the form f(x) = ax^2 + bx + c to each element x in the array. And the final array must be in sorted order.

So, if the input is like nums = [-4,-2,2,4], a = 1, b = 3, c = 5, then the output will be [3,9,15,33]

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• Define function f(), that takes x, a, b, c −

• return ax^2 + bx + c

• From the main method do the following −

• n := size of nums

• start := 0, end := n - 1

• Define an array ret of size n

• if a >= 0, then −

• for initialize i := n - 1, when i >= 0, update (decrease i by 1), do −

• x := f(nums[start], a, b, c)

• y := f(nums[end], a, b, c)

• if x > y, then −

• (increase start by 1)

• ret[i] := x

• Otherwise

• ret[i] := y

• (decrease end by 1)

• Otherwise

• for initialize i := 0, when i < n, update (increase i by 1), do −

• x := f(nums[start], a, b, c)

• y := f(nums[end], a, b, c)

• if x < y, then −

• (increase start by 1)

• ret[i] := x

• Otherwise

• ret[i] := y

• (decrease end by 1)

• return ret

## Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
void print_vector(vector<auto< v){
cout << "[";
for(int i = 0; i<v.size(); i++){
cout << v[i] << ", ";
}
cout << "]"<<endl;
}
class Solution {
public:
int f(int x, int a, int b, int c){
return a * x * x + b * x + c;
}
vector<int< sortTransformedArray(vector<int<& nums, int a, int b, int c) {
int n = nums.size();
int start = 0;
int end = n - 1;
vector<int< ret(n);
if (a >= 0) {
for (int i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
int x = f(nums[start], a, b, c);
int y = f(nums[end], a, b, c);
if (x > y) {
start++;
ret[i] = x;
}
else {
ret[i] = y;
end--;
}
}
}
else {
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
int x = f(nums[start], a, b, c);
int y = f(nums[end], a, b, c);
if (x < y) {
start++;
ret[i] = x;
}
else {
ret[i] = y;
end--;
}
}
}
return ret;
}
};
main(){
Solution ob;
vector<int< v = {-4,-2,2,4};
print_vector(ob.sortTransformedArray(v, 1, 3, 5));
}

## Input

{-4,-2,2,4}, 1, 3, 5

## Output

[3, 9, 15, 33, ]