Significance of the Preamble of Constitution


The Preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introduction that shows the fundamental principles and objectives of our Constitution of India. It is an essential element of any constitution, as it lays down the entire legal framework of the country.

The Preamble of the Constitution of India provides purpose and direction to the Indian society, that is why we must know the Significance of the Preamble of the Constitution of India.

So, if you are such a student, who is currently preparing for the Civil Services examinations, then now through this article you can understand the Significance of the Preamble of the Constitution. Let's start the article without delay.

What is Permeable of Constitution?

The Preamble of the Indian Constitution is a statement that introduces the fundamental principles, philosophy, and values of the Constitution of India. It is a brief paragraph explaining the history behind its creation and the core values and principles of the nation.

Many things are mentioned in the preamble, such as the source of the constitution, the date of issue of the constitution, description of the objectives of the constitution and the nature of the Indian states.

What are the Preamble of Indian Constitution Content/Keywords?

There are 10 major keywords which is used in Preamble of Indian Constitution:

Sr. No. Indian Constitution Keywords
1 We, the People of India
2 Sovereignty
3 Socialism
4 Secularism
5 Democratic
6 Republic
7 Justice
8 Liberty
9 Equality
10 Fraternity

Historical Background of the Preamble

After know the meaning of Preamble of the Constitution we also dive into its history. So, The Preamble of the Constitution of India was written by Shri BN Rao. But Jawaharlal Nehru's objective was behind this preamble. After writing the Preamble of the Constitution of India, it was proposed in the Constituent Assembly.

Its original version contained the words republic, democratic and sovereign, but its 42nd amendment added the words socialist and secular. Finally, the Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950.

Significance of the Preamble of the Constitution

The significance of the Preamble in the Indian Constitution is many, which are discussed below:

Source of Authority

The Preamble of the Constitution of India is the source of authority, which shows that the Constitution derives its authority from the people of India.

Because it is stated in the Preamble that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land and the people of India have adopted and enacted it.

Objectives of the Constitution

The preamble of the constitution states the objectives which the constitution seeks to achieve. It states that justice, liberty, equality and fraternity are the four pillars on which the constitution stands.

And its aim is to provide these four pillars to its citizens. These objectives show the ideals that the makers of the constitution wanted to promote in the society.

Nature of the Indian State

The Preamble describes the nature of the Indian State as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. This means that India is a country that is independent and free from external control, it is committed to the welfare of the people and the elimination of social and economic inequalities.

it is a country that respects all religions and does not endorse any particular religion, it is a democracy where the people have the power to elect their representatives and participate in the decision-making process, and it is a republic where the head of state is elected and not a monarch.

Fundamental Rights and Duties

The Preamble of the Constitution has formulated certain fundamental rights for the citizens of India, which the Indian people want to secure for all citizens and the basic nature of governance and polity.

Along with this, it also has certain duties, which expect the citizens to perform these duties. These rights and duties are an integral part of the constitution and they are also essential for the development of a just and equitable society.

Judicial Interpretation

The Supreme Court of India has emphasized the importance and value of the Preamble in several judgments. The Preamble helps the Supreme Court in determining the compatibility of any law or legislation with the Constitution.

The Supreme Court has held that the Preamble can be used to determine the intention of the makers of the Constitution and to understand the basic structure of the Constitution.

The Preamble's Role in Defining India's Identity

The Preamble also defines the identity of India. It enshrines all the essential principles and goals for which the people of the country fought earnestly during the British rule.

It communicates "for a long time what we had been contemplating or dreaming about.". It has helped India develop its identity and determine its future.


Q1. What are the significance of the Constitution?

Ans: The Constitution sets out the relationship between the citizens and the government of India. It also lays down and protects the fundamental rights and duties of all the citizens of the country.

The constitution or determines how the government will function and who will have the responsibility of making any important decisions.

Q2. What are the two words that were added to the Preamble of the Constitution of India?

Ans: At the time of 42nd amendment two words secular and socialist were added to the preamble of the constitution.

Q3. What is Content of the Preamble?

Ans: The Content of Preamble Are We, the People of India, Sovereignty, Socialism, Secularism, Democratic, Republic, Justice, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.

Updated on: 15-May-2023

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