# Set the fill value of the masked array in Numpy

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To set the fill value of a masked array, use the ma.MaskedArray.set_fill_value() method in Python Numpy. The filling value of the masked array is a scalar.

A masked array is the combination of a standard numpy.ndarray and a mask. A mask is either nomask, indicating that no value of the associated array is invalid, or an array of booleans that determines for each element of the associated array whether the value is valid or not.

NumPy offers comprehensive mathematical functions, random number generators, linear algebra routines, Fourier transforms, and more. It supports a wide range of hardware and computing platforms, and plays well with distributed, GPU, and sparse array libraries.

## Steps

At first, import the required library −

import numpy as np
import numpy.ma as ma

Create an array with int elements using the numpy.array() method −

arr = np.array([[65, 68, 81], [93, 33, 39], [73, 88, 51], [62, 45, 67]])
print("Array...\n", arr)
print("\nArray type...\n", arr.dtype)

Get the dimensions of the Array −

print("\nArray Dimensions...\n",arr.ndim)


Create a masked array and mask some of them as invalid. We have used the fill_value parameter to set the fill value −

maskArr = ma.masked_array(arr, mask =[[1, 1, 0], [ 1, 0, 0], [0, 1, 0], [0, 1, 0]], fill_value = 9999)
print("\nOur Masked Array type...\n", maskArr.dtype)

Get the dimensions of the Masked Array −

print("\nOur Masked Array Dimensions...\n",maskArr.ndim)


Get the shape of the Masked Array −

print("\nOur Masked Array Shape...\n",maskArr.shape)

Get the number of elements of the Masked Array −

print("\nElements in the Masked Array...\n",maskArr.size)


To get the fill value, use the ma.MaskedArray.get_fill_value() method −

print("\nResult (fill value)...\n",maskArr.get_fill_value())

To set the fill value of a masked array, use the ma.MaskedArray.set_fill_value() method. The filling value of the masked array is a scalar −

maskArr.set_fill_value(1111)
print("\nResult (updated fill value)...\n",maskArr.get_fill_value())

## Example

import numpy as np
import numpy.ma as ma

# Create an array with int elements using the numpy.array() method
arr = np.array([[65, 68, 81], [93, 33, 39], [73, 88, 51], [62, 45, 67]])
print("Array...\n", arr)
print("\nArray type...\n", arr.dtype)

# Get the dimensions of the Array
print("\nArray Dimensions...\n",arr.ndim)

# Create a masked array and mask some of them as invalid
# We have used the fill_value parameter to set the fill value
maskArr = ma.masked_array(arr, mask =[[1, 1, 0], [ 1, 0, 0], [0, 1, 0], [0, 1, 0]], fill_value = 9999)

# Get the dimensions of the Masked Array

# Get the shape of the Masked Array

# Get the number of elements of the Masked Array

# To get the fill value, use the ma.MaskedArray.get_fill_value() method
# To set the fill value of a masked array, use the ma.MaskedArray.set_fill_value() method
# The filling value of the masked array is a scalar maskArr.set_fill_value(1111)
print("\nResult (updated fill value)...\n",maskArr.get_fill_value())

## Output

Array...
[[65 68 81]
[93 33 39]
[73 88 51]
[62 45 67]]

Array type...
int64

Array Dimensions...
2

[[-- -- 81]
[-- 33 39]
[73 -- 51]
[62 -- 67]]

Our Masked Array type...
int64

Our Masked Array Dimensions...
2

Our Masked Array Shape...
(4, 3)

Elements in the Masked Array...
12

Result (fill value)...
9999

Result (updated fill value)...
9999