Server Operating System

The people in the world are involved in data usage and lots of services that make the work easier. To compromise the need for high usage and data, server Operating systems are developed to provide services to many users concurrently. Server Operating System is a type of Operating system with advanced features that can be used only on servers. It is designed to use in-server computers to handle various users and requests at a time. When a person or company requires data it cannot be served using a human instead the solution is given by a machine.

Server Operating System

With one server and it can be connected to many receivers or clients concurrently using the server Operating system. It is also called Client Server based architecture for smooth communication and exchange of information. The primary use of it is that the users get benefitted from more usage and memory.

Features of Server OS

  • Server OS is designed to be used on the server

  • It has greater Processing power.

  • It is more stable and highly efficient

  • In this system we can have one server connected to many clients and provide service to them.

  • It is a complex operating system.

  • It provides more security.

Examples of Server OS

Some of the Server Operating System is,

File Server

A File Server is deployed in the computer which involves the process of storing and managing files on the network. From this server, multiple users can access the files and also share them.

Web Server

A Web server is a system that shares HTML-programmed web pages with the clients. It processes the system based on the request from the browsers and in return gives the data such as pictures and HTML pages.

Database Server

A Database server is a computer system used to store data and provides services to other computers or programs. Some of the functionalities in the database server are storing, organizing, and managing the data in the system.

Traditional Server

Traditional Server is used by small or medium organization with limited users and the servers are physically present in the organizations

Directory Server

This type of server uses a directory which is particularly used in UNIX and Linux Operating systems and it contains configuration files of the system and applications.

Rack-Monitored Server

Usually, rack-monitored servers will have a single monitor and an interface like a mouse. The number of servers in a rack depends on the height of the rack and server.

Blade Server

It is more economical or slim in space as compared to rack-mounted servers and can handle hundreds of blade servers

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server

The Operating system provides more features than any other servers and is currently used worldwide. Technology like automation is supported and some security features are secured profiles and also provide certification for the secured connections in the server.

Windows Server

Windows OS has got a remarkable place for both professional and personal users. The storage provided by Windows OS is huge and it can be managed efficiently. Some of the threats faced by this OS are users should have a license for using it and are prone to virus or malware attacks easily.

Server Operating system architecture

The Architecture used in a server operating system primarily comprises of client and server. The server provides services and resources to the clients, allowing them to share the same resources simultaneously. A server operating system is designed to facilitate this type of communication and resource sharing. Users can access the server’s resources from anywhere on the network, as long as they have the necessary permissions and authentication.

Advantages of Server Operating System

  • The users accessing the server Operating system have the advantage of choosing between the two interfaces namely GUI and command-level interfaces.

  • This allows the server to provide a wide range of services to users

  • The designs of the server OS are based on the commands received and apart from the client OS, the Server OS has administrators to perform and manage the tasks like server hardware, software, and network settings using tools.

  • It provides a central interface for managing users, implementing security measures, and performing other administrative tasks. This allows administrators to easily manage the server and ensure its security

  • Server operating systems can manage and monitor client computers and operating systems. This allows administrators to keep track of the status of client devices and ensure that they are functioning properly.


The Operating System’s basic functionality involves coordinating all the performances and providing smooth running of the respective OS. In the case of server OS, it deals mainly with servers and access to the networks including the software used by the system and the hardware installed.

Updated on: 18-Jul-2023


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