Selenium Webdriver Locating Strategies By Class Name

SeleniumAutomation TestingTesting Tools

By class name can be used as a locating strategies in Selenium webdriver. We can identify an element utilizing class attribute with locators like class name, css and xpath. To locate webelement with css, the syntax is tagname[class='value'] and the method to be used is By.cssSelector.

To locate webelement with xpath, the syntax is //tagname[@class='value']. TThen, we have to use the method By.xpath to locate it. To locate an element with a locator class name, we have to use the By.className method.

Let us look at the html code of web element having class attribute −

Syntax

WebElement elm = driver. findElement(By.className("input__input"));
WebElement p = driver.findElement(By.xpath("//input[@class = ' input__input']"));
WebElement t = driver. findElement(By.cssSelector("input[class=' input__input']"));

Example

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
public class ClsNameStrategy{
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      System.setProperty("webdriver.gecko.driver",
      "C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Desktop\\Java\\geckodriver.exe");
      WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
      //implicit wait
      driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
      //URL launch
      driver.get("https://www.linkedin.com/");
      // identify element class name
      WebElement elm = driver.findElement(By.className("input__input"));
      elm.sendKeys("abc@gmail.com");
      //identify with cssSelector
      WebElement c= driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("input[class='input__input']"));
      String str = c.getAttribute("value");
      System.out.println("Value entered is : " + str);
      //identify with xpath
      WebElement x = driver.
      findElement(By.xpath("//input[@class='input__input']"));

      x.clear();
      driver.close();
   }
}

Output

raja
Published on 06-Apr-2021 10:28:37
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