SAP Basis - Managing Transports
Transport Management System Overview (TMS)
Transport Management System is one of the key components in SAP system. TMS is used to control new requests, monitor changes like who has implemented the changes, defining and configuring system landscape in SAP environment.
TMS consists of 3 different Change and Transport System (CTS) components −
Change and Transport Organizer (CTO)
Transaction Code — SE01
This is used to manage, configure the changes in SAP repository and other objects. This provides you a central environment for development and configuration projects.
Transport Management System (TMS)
This is used to manage, control and copy development objects and for customization of settings across SAP systems in landscape using pre-defined transport routes configured with RFC Connections. This includes exporting the objects from one SAP system and importing to another target system.
Tools are a part of SAP Kernel and are used to manage R3 trans and transport control program.
R3trans is known as SAP system transport which is used to transport the objects between different SAP systems. It is usually called for other transport control program, in particular from tp or by using SAP upgrade utilities.
Transport control program is used to support data and object transport between different systems running on different platforms and also on different database.
Configuring Transport Management
Transport management is one of the key components in SAP system landscape and is used to perform the following activities −
- Defining Transport Domain Controller.
- Configuring the SAP system landscape.
- Defining the Transport Routes among systems within the system Landscape.
- Distributing the configuration
Transport Domain Controller
This is used to manage all TMS configuration details. Any changes to configuration settings are distributed across all systems. To set up the Domain controller, use transaction code — STMS
In case, the SAP system doesn’t have a Domain Controller, you will be prompted to create a new one. Transport domain includes the following activities −
- User creation TMSADM
- RFC connection and request creation, TMSADM is used login to target system
- DOMAIN.CFG file is created under usr/sap/trans/bin directory which stores TMS configuration and is used by systems and domains for checking existing configurations.
Follow these steps to add a system to Transport domain −
Step 1 − Log on to the SAP system, that you want to add as a System, in client 000 and enter the transaction code — STMS. If system is not added, TMS will check configuration file DOMAIN.CFG and will prompt you to create one. Click on — Select the Proposal and Save. The system will remain in ‘Waiting’ status initially.
To complete the task→ login to the Domain Controller System → Transaction STMS → Go to Overview → Systems.
You can now see that a new system is available. Go to SAP System → Approve