Rise of the Communist Party of China


The Chinese Communist Party (CCP), officially the Communist Party of China (CPC), is the People's Republic of China's founding and sole ruling party (PRC). The CCP won the Chinese Civil War against the Kuomintang under Mao Zedong's leadership, and Mao declared the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Since then, the CCP has ruled China with the help of eight smaller parties in a united front, and it has complete control of the People's Liberation Army (PLA). Each successive CCP leader has added their theories to the party's constitution, which outlines the party's ideological beliefs, collectively known as socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Foundation and Early History

Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, two progressive intellectuals who wanted to bring about social and economic reforms in China, founded the Communist Party of China (CPC) in Shanghai in 1921. Its establishment was part of the larger May Fourth Movement, a political and cultural movement aimed at challenging traditional Chinese values and bringing about modernity and reform. The party began as a small gathering of intellectuals and students. It was heavily influenced by Marxist-Leninist ideology and sought to destabilise the existing Chinese government and establish a socialist society. The CPC quickly grew in popularity, and by 1925, it had established branches in major cities across China.

During the Chinese Civil War, the CPC and its leader Mao Zedong were able to seize control of the country and establish the People's Republic of China with Beijing as its capital in 1949. Since then, the CPC has remained China's dominant political party, enacting economic reforms that have aided the country's rapid economic growth and modernization.


The ideology that led to the rise of the Communist Party of China (CPC) can be traced back to the mid-1800s. The ideas of the CPC combined Marxist, Leninist, and Mao Zedong Thought with traditional Chinese values to create a unique vision for transforming Chinese society. This prompted rural campaigns aimed at improving education and economic development, which fuelled support for the CPC and aided its rise to power across mainland China. The Great Leap Forward of 1958 consolidated state control over almost every aspect of daily life while also aiming to rapidly industrialise China through farm collectivization and rapid expansion of the heavy industry.


  • The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is the People's Republic of China's ruling political party. It was founded in 1921 by Chinese revolutionaries such as Li Dazhao, Chen Duxiu, and Mao Zedong to bring down the feudal system and establish a socialist state.

  • China has achieved impressive economic growth, lifted hundreds of millions of people out of poverty, and made technological advances under CCP leadership. The CCP has a firm grip on China's political landscape, with officials from the party holding key positions in the government, military, and economy.

  • Through propaganda, censorship, and strict control over civil society, media, and the internet, the CCP has also been successful in imposing its ideology on the Chinese people.


The Communist Party of China's (CPC) organizational structure enabled them to become a powerful force in China. Formed in 1921, the CPC was an amalgamation of different branches, each representing its political beliefs. This enabled them to gain millions of members across the country, giving them both financial and political power. With this power, they were able to implement social reforms to improve public services and increase public support. In addition, they financially repressed landlords and estate owners who opposed them. This structure allowed them to expand their base of support without relying heavily on massive armies or weapons, making them a formidable force during times of civil unrest. Ultimately, this organization allowed them to emerge victorious over their rivals, such as the Kuomintang, and become a dominant political party in China.

The pictured shows the top five Chinese Communist Party secretary (Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Ren Bishi) statue at xibaipo . China Shijiazhuang, Hebei Xibaipo, April 16, 2013.

Symbol Party to Party Relations

The Communist Party of China, with its symbolism of revolutionary thought, modernity, and unity, has become a major symbol of power and progress in the country. The red flag with its five-pointed yellow star is a powerful symbol for the rising Party, conjuring up images of revolution and a new era in China. It also represents a significant transition for the Chinese people from a rural, agrarian society to a more technologically advanced and prosperous society. As the CPC grows in power, its iconic symbol will serve as a constant reminder of its history, strength, origins, and ambition.

Electoral History

The Chinese Communist Party (CPC) rose to prominence in 1921 when they were founded in Shanghai. Under Mao Zedong's leadership, the CPC was successful in overthrowing the Nationalist government during the Chinese Civil War and establishing the People's Republic of China in 1949. Since then, the CPC has been China's ruling party, wielding considerable power over the government and society. The CPC joined the United Nations in 1971 and has been a major player in international politics ever since. The CPC's power and influence remain a defining factor in Chinese politics today.


The Chinese Communist Party's rise has been a remarkable success story. From a small group of revolutionaries in the 1920s, it grew into one of the world's most powerful political forces. It has maintained its legitimacy through a combination of economic growth, political reform, and social stability. Despite its ups and downs, the Communist Party of China has been able to bring stability and prosperity to a once-chaotic country. China's Communist Party, as the world's second-largest economy, will continue to play an important role in the global political and economic landscape in the coming years.


Q1. Has China experienced any turmoil since 1949?

Ans. Yes, China has experienced tremendous turmoil since 1949, including the 1949 Revolution, the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests.

Q2. Do people support the CPC for what reasons?

Ans. People support the CPC because it is seen as a party that stands for the interests of the Chinese people, and pursues economic and social policies that benefit the country.

Q3. What is Deng Xiaoping's legacy?

Ans. Deng Xiaoping is remembered for his leadership in reforming China's economy and opening it up to the world. He is credited with modernizing China and transforming it into an economic superpower.