Regular Expression Matching in JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End TechnologyObject Oriented Programming

Suppose we are given an input string str and a pattern p, we are required to implement regular expression matching with support for. and *.

The functions of these symbols should be −

  • . --> Matches any single character.

  • * --> Matches zero or more of the preceding elements.

The matching should cover the entire input string (not partial).

Note

  • str could be empty and contains only lowercase letters a-z.

  • p could be empty and contains only lowercase letters a-z, and characters like. or *.

For example −

If the input is −

const str = 'aa';
const p = 'a';

Then the output should be false because a does not match the entire string aa.

Example

Following is the code −

const regexMatching = (str, p) => {
   const ZERO_OR_MORE_CHARS = '*';
   const ANY_CHAR = '.';
   const match = Array(str.length + 1).fill(null).map(() => {
      return Array(p.length + 1).fill(null);
   });
   match[0][0] = true;
   for (let col = 1; col <= p.length; col += 1) {
      const patternIndex = col - 1;
      if (p[patternIndex] === ZERO_OR_MORE_CHARS) {
         match[0][col] = match[0][col - 2];
      } else {
         match[0][col] = false;
      }
   }
   for (let row = 1; row <= str.length; row += 1) {
      match[row][0] = false;
   }
   for (let row = 1; row <= str.length; row += 1) {
      for (let col = 1; col <= p.length; col += 1) {
         const stringIndex = row - 1;
         const patternIndex = col - 1;
         if (p[patternIndex] === ZERO_OR_MORE_CHARS) {
            if (match[row][col - 2] === true) {
               match[row][col] = true;
            } else if (
               (
                  p[patternIndex - 1] === str[stringIndex]
                  || p[patternIndex - 1] === ANY_CHAR
               )
               && match[row - 1][col] === true
            ) {
                  match[row][col] = true;
            } else {
               match[row][col] = false;
            }
         } else if (
            p[patternIndex] === str[stringIndex]
            || p[patternIndex] === ANY_CHAR
         ) {
               match[row][col] = match[row - 1][col - 1];
            } else {
               match[row][col] = false;
            }
         }
      }
      return match[str.length][p.length];
};
console.log(regexMatching('aab', 'c*a*b'));

Output

Following is the output on console −

true
raja
Published on 11-Dec-2020 13:19:44
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