# Program to check regular expression pattern is matching with string or not in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a string s and a regular expression pattern. We have to check whether the given pattern matches with given string or not. In the regular expression, there are few rules −

• . (period) which matches any single character

• * (asterisk) which matches zero or more of the preceding element.

So, if the input is like pattern = "h.l*o" s = "hello", then the output will be True, as We have ra and then a single character

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• n := size of s

• m := size of p

• Define a function dp() . This will take i, j

• if j is same as m, then

• return i is same as n

• match := true when (i < n and(s[i] is same as p[j] or p[j] is same as ".") otherwise false

• if j + 1 & m and p[j + 1] is same as "*", then

• return true when dp(i, j + 2) or (match and dp(i + 1, j)) otherwise false

• return match and dp(i + 1, j + 1)

• From the main method return dp(0, 0)

## Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Live Demo

class Solution:
def solve(self, p, s):
n = len(s)
m = len(p)
def dp(i, j):
if j == m:
return i == n
match = i < n and (s[i] == p[j] or p[j] == ".")
if j + 1 < m and p[j + 1] == "*":
return dp(i, j + 2) or (match and dp(i + 1, j))
return match and dp(i + 1, j + 1)
return dp(0, 0)
ob = Solution()
pattern = "h.l*o"
s = "hello"
print(ob.solve(pattern, s))

## Input

"h.l*o", "hello"

## Output

True