# Program to find out the minimum number of intercountry travels in a road trip in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have to plan a road trip that involves visiting various cities from different countries. We have a list of roads 'R', where each element is described as (x, y, cost). x signifies the starting city of the road, y signifies the destination city of the road, and cost signifies the cost of traveling by that road. We also have a list 'C' where each element is a country and an element contains the cities of that country. Now, we also have a starting city 's' and a destination city 'e', and we want to travel to the destination city from the source city. Given all this information, we have to find out the minimum number of intercountry travels we have to make to complete the trip and also the total cost of travel for the trip. We have to print these two values as output.

So, if the input is like R = [[0, 1, 2],[1, 2, 2], [0, 2, 3], [1, 3, 3]], C = [, , [2, 3]], s = 0, e = 3, then the output will be (2,5).

So, to travel from 0 to 3 we take the path 0->1->3. The roads taken in this path are [0, 1, 2], and [1, 3, 3]. Thus, the total country-to-country travel is 2 and the total cost is 2 + 3 = 5.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• cont := a new map where the default values are 0
• for each index idx, and element item in C, do
• for each k in item, do
• cont[k] := idx
• adj_list := a new map that contains lists as values
• for each a, b, wt in R, do
• if cont[a] is not same as cont[b], then
• wt := wt + 10 ^ 10
• insert a pair (b, wt) at the end of adj_list[a]
• distance := a new map that where the default values are 10 ^ 20
• distance[s] := 0
• visited := a new set
• t := a new heap containing a pair (0, s)
• while t is not empty, do
• pair (d, c) := pop the smallest item from the heap
• if c is present in visited, then
• go for the next iteration
• for each j, wt in adj_list[c], do
• if distance[j] > d + wt, then
• distance[j] := d + wt
• insert pair (d + wt, j) to heap t
• return pair (floor value of (distance[e] / 10 ^ 10), (distance[e] mod 10 ^ 10))

## Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

from collections import defaultdict
from heapq import heappush, heappop

def solve(R, C, s, e):
cont = defaultdict(int)
for idx, item in enumerate(C):
for k in item:
cont[k] = idx

for a, b, wt in R:
if cont[a] != cont[b]:
wt += 10 ** 10

distance = defaultdict(lambda: 10 ** 20)
distance[s] = 0
visited = set()

t = [(0, s)]
while t:
d, c = heappop(t)
if c in visited:
continue
if distance[j] > d + wt:
distance[j] = d + wt
heappush(t, (d + wt, j))

return distance[e] // 10 ** 10, distance[e] % 10 ** 10

print(solve([[0, 1, 2],[1, 2, 2],[0, 2, 3], [1, 3, 3]], [,,[2, 3]], 0, 3))

## Input

[[0, 1, 2],[1, 2, 2],[0, 2, 3], [1, 3, 3]], [,,[2, 3]], 0, 3

## Output

(2, 5)