# Program to find number of distinct island shapes from a given matrix in Python

Suppose we have a 2d binary matrix, we have to find the number of distinct islands in the given matrix. Here 1 represents land and 0 represents water, so an island is a set of 1s that are close and whose perimeter is surrounded by water. Here two islands are unique if their shapes are different.

So, if the input is like

 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1

then the output will be 4 (distinct islands are in different color).

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• Define a function dfs() . This will take i, j, k, l

• mat[i, j] := 0

• insert pair (i − k, j − l) at the end of shape

• if i + 1 < row count of mat and mat[i + 1, j] is 1, then

• dfs(i + 1, j, k, l)

• if j + 1 < column count of mat and mat[i, j + 1] is 1, then

• dfs(i, j + 1, k, l)

• if i − 1 >= 0 and mat[i − 1, j] is 1, then

• dfs(i − 1, j, k, l)

• if j − 1 >= 0 and mat[i, j − 1] is 1, then

• dfs(i, j − 1, k, l)

• From the main method do the following −

• cnt := 0

• shapes := a new set

• for i in range 0 to row count of mat, do

• for j in range 0 to column count of mat, do

• if mat[i, j] is 1, then

• shape := a new list

• dfs(i, j, i, j)

• if shape is not in shapes, then

• cnt := cnt + 1

• insert shape into shapes

• return cnt

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

## Example

Live Demo

class Solution:
def solve(self, mat):
def dfs(i, j, k, l):
mat[i][j] = 0
shape.append((i − k, j − l))
if i + 1 < len(mat) and mat[i + 1][j]:
dfs(i + 1, j, k, l)
if j + 1 < len(mat) and mat[i][j + 1]:
dfs(i, j + 1, k, l)
if i − 1 >= 0 and mat[i − 1][j]:
dfs(i − 1, j, k, l)
if j − 1 >= 0 and mat[i][j − 1]:
dfs(i, j − 1, k, l)
cnt = 0
shapes = set()
for i in range(len(mat)):
for j in range(len(mat)):
if mat[i][j]:
shape = []
dfs(i, j, i, j)
shape = tuple(shape)
if shape not in shapes:
cnt += 1
return cnt
ob = Solution()
matrix = [
[1, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[1, 0, 1, 0, 1],
[0, 1, 1, 0, 1],
[0, 0, 1, 0, 0],
[1, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[1, 1, 0, 1, 1]
]
print(ob.solve(matrix))

## Input

[
[1, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[1, 0, 1, 0, 1],
[0, 1, 1, 0, 1],
[0, 0, 1, 0, 0],
[1, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[1, 1, 0, 1, 1]
]

## Output

4