Program to find a tree by updating values with left and right subtree sum with itself in Python

ProgrammingPythonServer Side Programming

Suppose we have a binary tree, we have to find the same tree but every node's value is replaced by its its value + all of the sums of its left and right subtrees.

So, if the input is like


then the output will be

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Define a function tree_sum() . This will take root of a tree

  • if root is null, then

    • return 0

  • data of root := tree_sum(left of root) + tree_sum(right of root) + data of root

  • return data of root

  • From the main method, do the following:

  • tree_sum(root)

  • return root

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example

class TreeNode:
   def __init__(self, data, left = None, right = None):
      self.data = data
      self.left = left
      self.right = right

def inorder(root):
   if root:
      inorder(root.left)
      print(root.data, end = ', ')
      inorder(root.right)
   
class Solution:
   def solve(self, root):
      def tree_sum(root: TreeNode):
         if root is None:
            return 0
         root.data = tree_sum(root.left) + tree_sum(root.right) + root.data
return root.data
tree_sum(root)
return root
ob = Solution()
root = TreeNode(2)
root.left = TreeNode(3)
root.right = TreeNode(4)
root.left.left = TreeNode(9)
root.left.right = TreeNode(7)
ob.solve(root)
inorder(root)

Input

root = TreeNode(12)
root.left = TreeNode(8)
root.right = TreeNode(15)
root.left.left = TreeNode(3)
root.left.right = TreeNode(10)

Output

9, 19, 7, 25, 4,
raja
Published on 07-Oct-2020 13:10:40
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