What is Carbohydrate?

A carbohydrate is a bio-molecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, it is also known as saccharides or carbs.

These are the sugars, starches, and fibres found in fruits, grains, vegetables, and milk products.

In biochemistry, Carbohydrate is a synonym of saccharide a group that includes sugars, starch, and cellulose.

The word saccharide comes from the Greek word (sakkharon), meaning "sugar"

Carbohydrates are commonly referred to as sugars, therefore the fruits, vegetables, cereals, or any of the food that contains sugars, then they are a source of carbohydrates.

Common foods that include carbohydrates are:

1. Grains & Vegetables such as rice, wheat, maize, barley, potatoes, and sweet potatoes are rich in starch.

2. Fruits, such as bananas, apples, berries, mangoes, and oranges.

3. Dairy products, such as milk. Cheese, butter, and yoghurt.


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 27-Apr-2023


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