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West Bengal is famous for producing Jute. 

Jute fibre is a natural fiber, obtained from the bark or the stem of the jute plant by the process of Retting. West Bengal, Bihar, and Assam are the states where jute plants are mainly grown in India. 

Extraction: The jute fibre comes from the stem and ribbon (outer skin) of the jute plant. The fibres are first extracted by retting. The retting process consists of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in slow-running water. There are two types of retting: stem and ribbon. After the retting process, stripping begins; women and children usually do this job. In the stripping process, non-fibrous matter is scraped off, then the workers dig in and grab the fibres from within the jute stem. These fibres are used to make further products.

Uses: Jute is mainly used for the preparation of sacks, coarse cloth, and making cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton. These fibers can also be woven into curtains, chair covering cloth, rugs, and carpets, and linoleum backings. 
Usually, jute fiber is used alone, but it can be blended with other types of fiber to prepare twine or rope.

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


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