Explain Plant Cell.

Plant cells are eukaryotic cells (like the animal cells) meaning they have a membrane-bound nucleus and organelles present in green plants.

Plant cells have cell walls, surrounding the cell membrane and composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and pectin

Plant cell walls are composed of cellulose, which keeps them apart from other organisms with cell walls, such as bacteria and fungi.


Plant cells contain plastids, the most remarkable being chloroplasts, which contain the green-coloured pigment known as chlorophyll that converts the energy of sunlight into chemical energy that is used by the plants to make their own food from water and carbon dioxide in the process known as photosynthesis.

Each plant cell is made up of sub-cellular organelles such as vacuoles, ribosomes, mitochondria, nucleus, chloroplast, lysosomes, ER, Golgi bodies, and many more.


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


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