Explain fibre to fabric.

Fibres are thread-like structures that are long, thin and flexible. These may be spun into yarns and then made into fabrics. There can be different types of fibres.


On the basis of their origin, fibres are classified as natural fibres and synthetic fibres.


1. Natural fibres- Natural fibres are the fibres that are obtained from plants, animals or mineral sources. Some of the examples are cotton, silk, wool etc. 

Natural fibres can be divided into two types -

a) plant fibres- Plant fibres are fibres that are derived from plants.

Eg. Cotton and Jute

b) animal fibres- Animal fibres are fibres derived from animals.

Eg.silk and wool 

2. Synthetic fibres- synthetic fibres are man-made fibres designed to make fabrics.

Eg. nylon and rayon


Fabric means a woven material, a textile or other material resembling woven cloth. Fabric is made up of yarns. Fabrics are made by the two main processes known as weaving and knitting.


Use of Fabric: 

Fabric is mostly used for clothing and for containers such as bags and baskets. In the household, they are used in carpeting, upholstered furnishings, window shades, towels, coverings for tables, beds, and other flat surfaces, and in art.

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


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