Organizational Patterns for Writing: Purpose and Types


Organizational patterns usually help the learners to understand and remember the ideas and critical thoughts of the authors by providing all supporting information. Students need to properly identify the structure of the text in a given passage in order to understand the meaning of writing or text. Several types of organizational posters of writing include chronological order, spatial order, problem and solution, sequential order, order of importance, contrasts and compare, and cause and effect.

What is an Organizational Pattern?

Organizational patterns are widely used by writers or authors to organise their information or documents. Authors keep the information organized in essays, chapters, texts, and paragraphs so that they help the learner to understand the meaning of their writings. Selection of a correct organizational pattern for goals and topics of specific writing makes the work of the writer more memorable and convincing. Patterns of the organization play vital roles in writing projects and taking the decision of how the information in these projects will be presented and organized. It also depicts the format of how the author arranges details in various writing pieces including effective and ineffective pieces.

The structure of detailed information in the writing pieces by writers is generally referred to as an organizational pattern. Several organizational patterns are there that help the writers to explain their ideas and thoughts in their writing.

The major types of organizational patterns include chronological and sequential patterns, advantages and disadvantages, spatial, contrast and compare patterns. Other vital organizational patterns include cause-effect, tropical, problem-solution, and classification patterns.

Types of organizational pattern

Some major types of organizational patterns are discussed below.

Chronological Patterns

The pattern that is quite similar to the sequential pattern is referred to as the chronological pattern. This pattern is the generally straightforward manner of writing where all vital events, dates, or ideas of the authors are presented in a chronological order that is in increasing order. In the case of history, this chronological pattern is always found to move forward. However, the author will also move forward by utilizing the transition of events in a chapter, paragraph or section of a specific piece.

Pros and Cons

The topics that generally fall under a similar category need to be listed in this advantages-disadvantages organizational pattern. This kind of pattern also helps the readers to derive the benefits and drawbacks of the topics, they are reading.

Spatial Patterns

This pattern is usually the catalogue of several events taking place across the globe in present times or in historical eras. Here, the catalogues of various events, people, or existing buildings and specific geographic patterns are kept organised by the writers.

Compare and Contrast Patterns

The writers here compare and contrast multiple texts or topics in different ways. The writers here generally used a process of designing essays, explaining the topic, and relating the major situation and points of the essays with other essays. Some of the key sections of the essays include job prospects, tuition expenses, housing, and several educational programs.

Cause-Effect Patterns

The Cause-Effect Patterns is much helpful for the writers as it helps to look back and evaluate the importance of all historical events. The writer tries to push a particular action that is generally utilised to solve any critical problem. This pattern helps the writers to evaluate the cause of any situation and what impacts it has in the present or will have in the upcoming days. Evaluation of the causes and effects of the situation will help the individuals to state the correct control or prevention measures for the identified problems.

Purpose of organizational pattern

Some major purposes of organization patterns for academic writing are stated below.

  • Organizational patterns help the learners or the students to find out the relation between supporting information present in paragraphs, texts, essays, and chapters.

  • The patterns help the students to understand the critical evaluation of text that has been made by the writers.

  • Some of the learners usually face difficulty in understanding the value of organizational structure in their writing. Proper organizational patterns help to make writing easier to read and evaluate.

  • Selection of a correct organizational pattern for goals and topics of specific writing makes the work of the writer more memorable and convincing.

  • A clear pattern allows for proper skimming when the readers are in a rush or looking for particular information in the piece.

  • Appropriate organizational pattern selection is very essential for academic writing as it acts as a vital element in the improvement of Search Engine Optimization (SEO). This SEO is generally used in the process of publishing online articles or journals.


Several writers in order to organize their writings, and critically evaluate a text utilize several organizational patterns. Selection of correct patterns is very important as it helps all learners or students to understand the critical notes of authors, and the creativity of writers' ideas and throughout that has been elaborated in the writings. Several types of organization patterns that are used to keep the detail and vital information well organized include chronological order, order of importance, comparison and contrast, and cause and effect.


Q1. What do you understand by text structure?

Ans. Organizing information accurately in writing is determined by text structure. Text structure can be referred to as organizational writing patterns that effectively change from one paragraph to next paragraph within a single writing piece.

Q2. What are the major steps that are incorporated in sequential organizational patterns?

Ans. The sequential organizational pattern is similar enough to a chronological organizational pattern. In some cases, it shows a variation when compared to the chronological organizational pattern like it makes an arrangement of details based on a step-by-step sequence to explain a specific process. Most authors to represent the major steps that can follow the actual process of organizing information in a piece generally utilize this pattern.