When you multiply a vector by a number, this is called the scalar multiplication. Scalar multiplication produces a new vector of same type with each element of the original vector multiplied by the number.
Create a script file with the following code −
v = [ 12 34 10 8]; m = 5 * v
When you run the file, it displays the following result −
m = 60 170 50 40
Please note that you can perform all scalar operations on vectors. For example, you can add, subtract and divide a vector with a scalar quantity.