Laravel - Validation


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Validation is the most important aspect while designing an application. It validates the incoming data. By default, base controller class uses a ValidatesRequests trait which provides a convenient method to validate incoming HTTP requests with a variety of powerful validation rules.

Available Validation Rules in Laravel

Available Validation Rules in Laravel
Accepted Active URL After (Date)
Alpha Alpha Dash Alpha Numeric
Array Before (Date) Between
Boolean Confirmed Date
Date Format Different Digits
Digits Between E-Mail Exists (Database)
Image (File) In Integer
IP Address JSON Max
MIME Types(File) Min Not In
Numeric Regular Expression Required
Required If Required Unless Required With
Required With All Required Without Required Without All
Same Size String
Timezone Unique (Database) URL

Laravel will always check for errors in the session data, and automatically bind them to the view if they are available. So, it is important to note that a $errors variable will always be available in all of your views on every request, allowing you to conveniently assume the $errors variable is always defined and can be safely used. The $errors variable will be an instance of Illuminate\Support\MessageBag. Error message can be displayed in view file by adding the code as shown below.

@if (count($errors) > 0)
   <div class = "alert alert-danger">
      <ul>
         @foreach ($errors->all() as $error)
            <li>{{ $error }}</li>
         @endforeach
      </ul>
   </div>
@endif

Example

Step 1 − Create a controller called ValidationController by executing the following command.

php artisan make:controller ValidationController --plain

Step 2 − After successful execution, you will receive the following output −

ValidationController

Step 3 − Copy the following code in app/Http/Controllers/ValidationController.php file.

app/Http/Controllers/ValidationController.php

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Http\Requests;
use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;

class ValidationController extends Controller {
   public function showform(){
      return view('login');
   }
   public function validateform(Request $request){
      print_r($request->all());
      $this->validate($request,[
         'username'=>'required|max:8',
         'password'=>'required'
      ]);
   }
}

Step 4 − Create a view file called resources/views/login.blade.php and copy the following code in that file.

resources/views/login.blade.php

<html>
   
   <head>
      <title>Login Form</title>
   </head>

   <body>
      
      @if (count($errors) > 0)
         <div class = "alert alert-danger">
            <ul>
               @foreach ($errors->all() as $error)
                  <li>{{ $error }}</li>
               @endforeach
            </ul>
         </div>
      @endif
      
      <?php
         echo Form::open(array('url'=>'/validation'));
      ?>
      
      <table border = '1'>
         <tr>
            <td align = 'center' colspan = '2'>Login</td>
         </tr>
         
         <tr>
            <td>Username</td>
            <td><?php echo Form::text('username'); ?></td>
         </tr>
         
         <tr>
            <td>Password</td>
            <td><?php echo Form::password('password'); ?></td>
         </tr>
         
         <tr>
            <td align = 'center' colspan = '2'>
               <?php echo Form::submit('Login'); ?  ></td>
         </tr>
      </table>
      
      <?php
         echo Form::close();
      ?>
   
   </body>
</html>

Step 5 − Add the following lines in app/Http/routes.php.

app/Http/routes.php

Route::get('/validation','ValidationController@showform');
Route::post('/validation','ValidationController@validateform');

Step 6 − Visit the following URL to test the validation.

http://localhost:8000/validation

Step 7 − Click the “Login” button without entering anything in the text field. The output will be as shown in the following image.

Login

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