JSTL - SQL <sql:query> Tag

The <sql:query> tag executes an SQL SELECT statement and saves the result in a scoped variable.


The <sql:query> tag has the following attributes −

Attribute Description Required Default
sql SQL command to execute (should return a ResultSet) No Body
dataSource Database connection to use (overrides the default) No Default database
maxRows Maximum number of results to store in the variable No Unlimited
startRow Number of the row in the result at which to start recording No 0
var Name of the variable to represent the database No Set default
scope Scope of variable to expose the result from the database No Page


To start with the basic concept, let us create an Employees table in the TEST database and create few records in that table as follows −

Follow these steps to create the Employees table −

Step 1

Open a Command Prompt and change to the installation directory as follows −

C:\>cd Program Files\MySQL\bin
C:\Program Files\MySQL\bin>

Step 2

Login to the database as follows

C:\Program Files\MySQL\bin>mysql -u root -p
Enter password: ********

Step 3

Create the Employee table in the TEST database as follows − −

mysql> use TEST;
mysql> create table Employees
      id int not null,
      age int not null,
      first varchar (255),
      last varchar (255)
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.08 sec)

Create Data Records

We will now create few records in Employee table as follows −

mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (100, 18, 'Zara', 'Ali');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)
mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (101, 25, 'Mahnaz', 'Fatma');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (102, 30, 'Zaid', 'Khan');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (103, 28, 'Sumit', 'Mittal');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

Let us now create a JSP which will make use of <sql:query> to execute an SQL SELECT statement as follows −

<%@ page import = "java.io.*,java.util.*,java.sql.*"%>
<%@ page import = "javax.servlet.http.*,javax.servlet.*" %>
<%@ taglib uri = "http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix = "c"%>
<%@ taglib uri = "http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/sql" prefix = "sql"%>

      <title>JSTL sql:query Tag</title>

      <sql:setDataSource var = "snapshot" driver = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"
         url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/TEST"
         user = "root"  password = "pass123"/>

         <sql:query dataSource = "${snapshot}" var = "result">
            SELECT * from Employees;
      <table border = "1" width = "100%">
            <th>Emp ID</th>
            <th>First Name</th>
            <th>Last Name</th>
         <c:forEach var = "row" items = "${result.rows}">
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.id}"/></td>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.first}"/></td>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.last}"/></td>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.age}"/></td>


Access the above JSP, which should display the following result −

|    Emp ID   |    First Name  |     Last Name   |       Age       |
|     100     |    Zara        |     Ali         |       18        |
|     101     |    Mahnaz      |     Fatma       |       25        |
|     102     |    Zaid        |     Khan        |       30        |
|     103     |    Sumit       |     Mittal      |       28        |
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