Java Concurrency - Synchronization


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Multithreading Example with Synchronization

Here is the same example which prints counter value in sequence and every time we run it, it produces the same result.

Example

Live Demo
class PrintDemo {
   
   public void printCount() {
      
      try {
         
         for(int i = 5; i > 0; i--) {
            System.out.println("Counter   ---   "  + i );
         }
      } catch (Exception e) {
         System.out.println("Thread  interrupted.");
      }
   }
}

class ThreadDemo extends Thread {
   private Thread t;
   private String threadName;
   PrintDemo  PD;

   ThreadDemo(String name,  PrintDemo pd) {
      threadName = name;
      PD = pd;
   }
   
   public void run() {
      
      synchronized(PD) {
         PD.printCount();
      }
      System.out.println("Thread " +  threadName + " exiting.");
   }

   public void start () {
      System.out.println("Starting " +  threadName );
      
      if (t == null) {
         t = new Thread (this, threadName);
         t.start ();
      }
   }
}

public class TestThread {

   public static void main(String args[]) {
      PrintDemo PD = new PrintDemo();

      ThreadDemo T1 = new ThreadDemo("Thread - 1 ", PD);
      ThreadDemo T2 = new ThreadDemo("Thread - 2 ", PD);

      T1.start();
      T2.start();

      // wait for threads to end
      try {
         T1.join();
         T2.join();
      } catch (Exception e) {
         System.out.println("Interrupted");
      }
   }
}

This produces the same result every time you run this program −

Output

Starting Thread - 1
Starting Thread - 2
Counter   ---   5
Counter   ---   4
Counter   ---   3
Counter   ---   2
Counter   ---   1
Thread Thread - 1  exiting.
Counter   ---   5
Counter   ---   4
Counter   ---   3
Counter   ---   2
Counter   ---   1
Thread Thread - 2  exiting.


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