A list of policy guidelines is included in the Constitution known as “the Directive Principles of State Policy” (DPSP).
These guidelines are ‘non-justifiable’, i.e., parts of the Constitution that cannot be enforced by the judiciary.
Following are the significant Goals of DPSP −
Welfare of the people; Social, economic, and political justice;
Raising the standard of living; equitable distribution of resources;
Promotion of international peace.
Following are the important Policies of DPSP −
Uniform civil code;
Prohibition of consumption of alcoholic liquor;
Promotion of cottage industries;
Prevention of slaughter of useful cattle;
Promotion of village panchayats
Following are the major non-justifiable rights of DPSP −
Equal pay for equal work for men and women;
Right against economic exploitation;
Right to work; and
Early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years.
Following are the major differences between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy −
The Fundamental Rights mainly protect the rights of individuals, while the directive principles ensure the well-being of the entire society.
The Fundamental Rights are justifiable and can be claimed in the court of law, whereas the Directive Principles of State Policy cannot be enforced by the judiciary.
The Fundamental Rights restrain the government from doing certain things, while the Directive Principles of State Policy insist the government to do certain things.
Regarding the Right to Property, the Constitution made it clear that property could be taken away by the government for public welfare.
In 1973, the Supreme Court gave a decision that the Right to Property was not a part of the basic structure of the Constitution and therefore, the Parliament has the power to abridge this right by an amendment.
In 1978, the 44th amendment to the Constitution removed the Right to Property from the list of Fundamental Rights and transformed it into a simple legal right under Article 300 A.