# How will you deselect an option from a static dropdown?

Selenium Web DriverAutomation TestingSoftware Testing

We can deselect an option from a static dropdown with the help of methods under Select class.

The deselect methods are listed below −

• deselect_by_value(args) − Deselection with the help of value of option.

This method deselects the option based on the value of the specific option. NoSuchElementException thrown if there is no value which matches with the value given in the argument.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.deselect_by_value('Selenium')
• deselect_by_index(args) − Deselection with the help of index of option.

This method deselects the option based on the index of the specific option. The index of the elements mostly start with 0. NoSuchElementException thrown if there is no index which matches with the index given in the argument.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.deselect_by_index(1)
• deselect_by_visible_text(args) − Deselection with the help of text displayed of option.

This method is the simplest one which deselects the option based on the visible text. NoSuchElementException thrown if there is no option which matches with the text given in the argument.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.deselect_by_visible_text('Tutorialspoint')
• deselect_all()  − Deselection of all selected options.

This method is applicable where more than one selection of options can be done. It removes all the options selected from the dropdown. NotImplementedError thrown if it is not possible to select multiple options from the dropdown.

Syntax

d = Select(driver.find_element_by_id("selection"))
d.deselect_all()

## Example

Code Implementation for deselection of options in dropdown.

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.support.select import Select
#browser exposes an executable file
#Through Selenium test we will invoke the executable file which will then #invoke actual browser
driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path="C:\\chromedriver.exe")
# to maximize the browser window
driver.maximize_window()
#get method to launch the URL
driver.get("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/tutor_connect/index.php")
#to refresh the browser
driver.refresh()
#select class provide the methods to handle the options in dropdown
d = Select(driver.find_element_by_xpath("//select[@name='seltype']"))
#select an option with visible text method
d.select_by_visible_text("By Name")
#deselect the option with visible text method
d.deselect_by_visible_text("By Name")
#select an option with index method
d.select_by_index(0)
#deselect an option with index method
d.deselect_by_index(0)
#select an option with value method
d.select_by_value("name")
#deselect an option with value method
d.deselect_by_value("name")
#to close the browser
driver.close()
Published on 29-Jul-2020 08:17:35