# How to produce group subtotals and a grand total in Oracle?

Problem Statement:
You want to find out totals, subtotals and a grand total in Oracle.

Solution:
Oracle ROLLUP function performs grouping at multiple levels, using a right to left method of rolling up through intermediate levels to any grand total. To demonstrate the ROLLUP function we will create a table to hold tennis player along with the ATP tour titles and Grandslam titles acheived by the player.

We will begin by create the necessary data for this requirement.

## Example

-- Drop table
DROP TABLE atp_titles;

-- Create table
CREATE TABLE atp_titles (
player             VARCHAR2(100) NOT NULL,
title_type         VARCHAR2(100) NOT NULL,
titles             NUMBER NOT NULL);

## Example

-- insert  ATP tour titles won by the player
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Roger Federer','ATP Tour Titles',103);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Rafael Nadal','ATP Tour Titles',86);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Novak Djokovic','ATP Tour Titles',81);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Pete Sampras','ATP Tour Titles',64);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Andre Agassi','ATP Tour Titles',52);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Andy Murray','ATP Tour Titles',46);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Thomas Muster','ATP Tour Titles',39);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Andy Roddick','ATP Tour Titles',32);

## Example

-- insert  grandslam titles won by the player
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Roger Federer','Grandslams',20);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Novak Djokovic','Grandslams',17);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Pete Sampras','Grandslams',14);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Andre Agassi','Grandslams',8);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Andy Murray','Grandslams',3);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Thomas Muster','Grandslams',1);
INSERT INTO atp_titles VALUES('Andy Roddick','Grandslams',0);

COMMIT;

Now we will look at few records inserted into atp_titles table.

## Example

SELECT * FROM atp_titles ORDER BY 1;

## Output

Andre Agassi    ATP Tour Titles     52
Andre Agassi    Grandslams          8
Andy Murray Grandslams          3
Andy Murray ATP Tour Titles     46
Andy Roddick    ATP Tour Titles     32
Andy Roddick    Grandslams          0
............................
............................

Oracle ROLLUP expression produces group subtotals from right to left along with grand total. With above data, let’s say we wanted to identify the total titles (i.e. ATP tour titles + Grandslam Titles) acheived by player “Roger Federer”.

## Example

SELECT player,title_type, SUM(titles) AS total_titles
FROM atp_titles
WHERE player = 'Roger Federer'
GROUP BY ROLLUP (player,title_type)
ORDER BY player,title_type ;

## Output

 player title_type total_titles Roger Federer ATP Tour Titles 103 Roger Federer Grandslams 20 Roger Federer 123 123

ROLLUP produces n+1 levels of subtotals for “n” number of columns listed in the ROLLUP. In above example after performing normal grouping by player and title_type, the ROLLUP function rolls up all title_type values so that we see sum for the Grandslams level for the player “Roger Federer”. You can see the rolled up rows in bold in the output.

Now we will apply the ROLLUP function for all the players in the table as below:

## Example

SELECT player, title_type, SUM(titles) As total
FROM atp_titles
GROUP BY ROLLUP (player,title_type)
ORDER BY player,title_type;

## Output

 player title_type total_titles Andre Agassi ATP Tour Titles 52 Andre Agassi Grandslams 8 Andre Agassi 60 Andy Murray ATP Tour Titles 46 Andy Murray Grandslams 3 Andy Murray 49 Andy Roddick ATP Tour Titles 32 Andy Roddick Grandslams 0 Andy Roddick 32 Novak Djokovic ATP Tour Titles 81 Novak Djokovic Grandslams 17 Novak Djokovic 98 Pete Sampras ATP Tour Titles 64 Pete Sampras Grandslams 14 Pete Sampras 78 Rafael Nadal ATP Tour Titles 86 Rafael Nadal Grandslams 20 Rafael Nadal 106 Roger Federer ATP Tour Titles 103 Roger Federer Grandslams 20 Roger Federer 123 Thomas Muster ATP Tour Titles 39 Thomas Muster Grandslams 1 Thomas Muster 40 586

ROLLUP functions allows us to perform partial rollup to reduce the number of subtotals calculated. The output from the following partial rollup is shown below:

## Example

SELECT player, title_type, SUM(titles) As total
FROM atp_titles
GROUP BY ROLLUP (player,title_type)
ORDER BY player,title_type;

## Output

 player title_type total_titles Andre Agassi ATP Tour Titles 52 Andre Agassi Grandslams 8 Andre Agassi 60 Andy Murray ATP Tour Titles 46 Andy Murray Grandslams 3 Andy Murray 49 Andy Roddick ATP Tour Titles 32 Andy Roddick Grandslams 0 Andy Roddick 32 Novak Djokovic ATP Tour Titles 81 Novak Djokovic Grandslams 17 Novak Djokovic 98 Pete Sampras ATP Tour Titles 64 Pete Sampras Grandslams 14 Pete Sampras 78 Rafael Nadal ATP Tour Titles 86 Rafael Nadal Grandslams 20 Rafael Nadal 106 Roger Federer ATP Tour Titles 103 Roger Federer Grandslams 20 Roger Federer 123 Thomas Muster ATP Tour Titles 39

Updated on: 04-Dec-2020

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