How to only get the data of the nested JSON object in MongoDB?


To get the data of the nested JSON object in MongoDB, use findOne(). Let us create a collection with documents −

> db.demo109.insertOne(
...    {
...       "Name" : "Chris",
...       "Subjects" : [
...          {
...             "Id" : "100",
...             "Name":"MySQL",
...             "InstructorDetails" : [
...                {
...                   "Name" : "John"
...                }
...             ]
...          },
...          {
...             "Id" : "101",
...             "Name":"MongoDB",
...             "InstructorDetails" : [
...                {
...                   "Name" : "Mike"
...                }
...             ]
...          }
...       ]
...    }
... );
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e2ee7df9fd5fd66da21447a")
}

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method −

> db.demo109.find();

This will produce the following output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5e2ee7df9fd5fd66da21447a"), "Name" : "Chris", "Subjects" : [
      { "Id" : "100", "Name" : "MySQL", "InstructorDetails" : [ { "Name" : "John" } ] },
      { "Id" : "101", "Name" : "MongoDB", "InstructorDetails" : [ { "Name" : "Mike" } ] }
   ] 
}

Following is the query to only get the data of the nested JSON object in MongoDB −

> db.demo109.findOne(
... { Name: "Chris"}
... , { 'Subjects': { $elemMatch:{'Id':"100"} } }
... , function (err, doc) { console.log(doc) });

This will produce the following output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5e2ee7df9fd5fd66da21447a"),
   "Subjects" : [
      {
         "Id" : "100",
         "Name" : "MySQL",
         "InstructorDetails" : [
            {
               "Name" : "John"
            }
         ]
      }
   ]
}

Updated on: 30-Mar-2020

745 Views

Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started
Advertisements