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Difference between Actinic Keratosis and Eczema
Sun and tanning bed exposure over a lifetime leads to actinic keratosis, also known as solar keratosis, the most prevalent premalignant skin disease.
Inflammatory eczema often appears in infancy or early childhood and has a hereditary component. Rash is the most prevalent sign, followed by dryness, redness, and itching. It most frequently manifests itself on the extremities, but can also show up on the face, hands, neck, or even the backs of the knees.
What is Actinic Keratosis?
Actinic keratosis develops when epidermal keratinocytes undergo alterations.
Causes and prevalence − Actinic keratosis is caused by being exposed to the sun's UV rays. The illness manifests up after repeated sunburns over time and often affects those with fair skin in their medium to late adult years.
Symptoms and complications − Areas of skin change texture and appearance, becoming rough and scaly. They often manifest as round, dry areas of skin with a diameter of less than 2.5 cm. Pink, red, or brown patches of skin are common in places that receive a lot of light, such the face and arms, and are caused by the sun's ultraviolet rays. It is a precancerous state that can progress to squamous cell carcinoma.
Diagnosis − This disorder can be diagnosed with certainty by a clinical examination of the skin and a biopsy of skin lesions.
Treatment − Ointments containing alpha-hydroxy acids or the chemical tretinoin can be applied to the affected areas of the skin. It is possible to use electrocautery to remove the skin samples for analysis. Future sun or tanning bed exposure should be avoided since this might cause the condition to persist or even worsen. The skin may be shielded from the sun by using sunblock and by wearing protective gear.
What is Eczema?
Dry, itchy patches of skin are the hallmark of eczema, an inflammatory skin disease. A rash appears on the backs of the knees, the upper arms, the hands, and the neck. Eventually, the rash will become red and dry.
Differences: Actinic Keratosis and Eczema
The following table highlights the major differences between Actinic Keratosis and Eczema −
Actinic keratosis is a kind of skin growth or patch that appears on sun-damaged skin and is often rough and scaly. This skin disease typically manifests itself on the extremities. The Sun can cause this condition, which is also known as solar keratosis. Actinic keratosis is often innocuous, although a small number of cases (about 10 percent) progress to cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (a keratinocyte cancer).
Itchy, rashy skin is a symptom of eczema, a skin ailment. Although more frequent in kids, it can also affect grownups. It leads to persistent inflammation that flares up periodically.
Actinic Keratosis and Eczema are both conditions of the skin, however there are quite a few differences between them, which we discussed in this article.
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