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Difference between C and C++.
C programming Language
C is a general-purpose, high-level language that was originally developed by Dennis M. Ritchie to develop the UNIX operating system at Bell Labs. C was originally first implemented on the DEC PDP-11 computer in 1972.
In 1978, Brian Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie produced the first publicly available description of C, now known as the K&R standard.
The UNIX operating system, the C compiler, and essentially all UNIX application programs have been written in C. C has now become a widely used professional language for various reasons −
- Easy to learn
- Structured language
- It produces efficient programs
- It can handle low-level activities
- It can be compiled on a variety of computer platforms
C++ programming Language
C++ is a statically typed, compiled, general-purpose, case-sensitive, free-form programming language that supports procedural, object-oriented, and generic programming.
C++ is regarded as a middle-level language, as it comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features.
C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup starting in 1979 at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, New Jersey, as an enhancement to the C language and originally named C with Classes but later it was renamed C++ in 1983.
C++ is a superset of C, and that virtually any legal C program is a legal C++ program.
Note − A programming language is said to use static typing when type checking is performed during compile-time as opposed to run-time.
C++ fully supports object-oriented programming, including the four pillars of object-oriented development −
- Data hiding
Following are the important differences between C and C++.
|1||Developer||C developed by Dennis Richie between 1969-1973 at AT&T Bell Labs.||C++ developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979.|
|2||OOPS||C does not support OOPS concepts like polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance.||C++ is a object oriented programming and supports OOPS concepts like polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance.|
|3||Set||C is a subset of C++.||C++ is superset of C. All code of C can run in C++ but vice versa may or may not be true.|
|4||keywords||C has 32 keywords.||C++ has 52 keywords.|
|5||Procedural vs OOPS||C is a procedural programming language.||C++ supports both procedural as well as object oriented programming.|
|6||Data and Function||Data and Functions are separate in C.||GData and Functions are encapsulated together as object in C++.|
|7||Information Hiding||Information Hiding is not supported in C.||Information Hiding is supported in C++ via encapsulation.|
|8||Overloading||Function and Operator overloading is not supported in C.||Function and Operator overloading is supported in C++.|
|9||Function||C is function driven language.||C++ is Object driven language.|
|10||Structure||C structure do not support defining functions.||C++ Structure supports defining function.|
|11||Reference Variables||Reference Variables are not supported in C.||Reference Variables are supported in C++.|
|12||Virtual and friend functions||Virtual and friend functions are not supported in C.||Virtual and friend functions are supported in C++.|
|13||Exception Handling||Exception handling is not supported in C.||Exception handling is supported in C++.|
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