Collapsible Pane in Tkinter Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Tkinter is the GUI building library of python. In this article we will see how we can create a collapsible pane. They are usefult when we have some large amount of data to be displayed over a GUI canvas but we do not want to be displayed always. It is made collapsible so that it can be displayed as and when needed.

The below program creates the collapsible pane where we see the result both after expanding and contracting the arrow. The code comments indicate the approach we take at each step.

Example

from tkinter import *
import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk
from tkinter.ttk import *
class cpane(ttk.Frame):
   def __init__(self, MainWindow, expanded_text, collapsed_text):
      ttk.Frame.__init__(self, MainWindow)
      # The class variable
      self.MainWindow = MainWindow
      self._expanded_text = expanded_text
      self._collapsed_text = collapsed_text
      # Weight=1 to grow it's size as needed
      self.columnconfigure(1, weight=1)
      self._variable = tk.IntVar()
      # Creating Checkbutton
      self._button = ttk.Checkbutton(self, variable=self._variable,
      command=self._activate, style="TButton")
      self._button.grid(row=0, column=0)
      # Create a Horizontal line
      self._separator = ttk.Separator(self, orient="horizontal")
      self._separator.grid(row=0, column=1, sticky="we")
      self.frame = ttk.Frame(self)
      # Activate the class
      self._activate()
   def _activate(self):
      if not self._variable.get():
         # Remove this widget when button pressed.
         self.frame.grid_forget()
         # Show collapsed text
         self._button.configure(text=self._collapsed_text)
      elif self._variable.get():
         # Increase the frame area as needed
         self.frame.grid(row=1, column=0, columnspan=2)
         self._button.configure(text=self._expanded_text)
   def toggle(self):
      self._variable.set(not self._variable.get())
      self._activate()
# Creating root window or MainWindow
root = Tk()
root.geometry('300x300')
# Creating Object of Collapsible Pane Container
cpane_obj = cpane(root, 'Close Me', 'Open Me!')
cpane_obj.grid(row=0, column=0)
# Buttons to # appear in collapsible pane
b = Button(cpane_obj.frame, text=" Frame Expanded").grid(
   row=1, column=2, pady=20)
b = Checkbutton(cpane_obj.frame, text="Hi There ! How are you doing?").grid(
   row=3, column=4, pady=20)
mainloop()

Output

Running the above code gives us the following result −

raja
Published on 18-Feb-2020 12:01:53
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