# Calculate Subtraction of diagonals-summations in a two-dimensional matrix using JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End TechnologyObject Oriented Programming

Suppose, we have a square matrix represented by a 2-D array in JavaScript like this −

const arr = [
[1, 3, 5],
[3, 5, 7],
[2, 4, 2]
];

We are required to write a JavaScript function that takes in one such array.

The function should return the difference between the sum of elements present at the diagonals of the matrix.

Like for the above matrix, the calculations will be −

|(1+5+2) - (5+5+2)|
|8 - 12|
4

## Example

Following is the code −

const arr = [
[1, 3, 5],
[3, 5, 7],
[2, 4, 2]
];
const diagonalDiff = arr => {
let sum = 0;
for (let i = 0, l = arr.length; i < l; i++){
sum += arr[i][l - i - 1] - arr[i][i];
};
return Math.abs(sum);
}
console.log(diagonalDiff(arr));

## Output

This will produce the following output on console −

4
Updated on 01-Oct-2020 10:34:52