Addition and Subtraction of Matrix using pthreads in C/C++

CC++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Here we will see how to perform the matrix addition and subtraction using multithreaded environment. The pthread is used to execute multiple threads simultaneously in C or C++.

There are two matrices A and B. Order of each matrix is (m x n). Each thread will take each row, and perform addition or subtraction. So for m rows, there are m different threads.

Example

#include<iostream>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <cstdint>
#define CORE 3
#define MAX 3
using namespace std;
int AMat[MAX][MAX] = {{10, 20, 30},
   {40, 50, 60},
   {70, 80, 50}
};
int BMat[MAX][MAX] = {{80, 60, 20},
   {30, 20, 15},
   {10, 14, 35}
};
pthread_t thread[CORE * 2];
int add[MAX][MAX], sub[MAX][MAX];
void* addMatrices(void* arg) {
   intptr_t core = (intptr_t)arg;
   // Each thread computes 1/3rd of matrix addition
   for (int i = core * MAX / 3; i < (core + 1) * MAX / 3; i++) {
      for (int j = 0; j < MAX; j++) {
         add[i][j] = AMat[i][j] + BMat[i][j];
      }
   }
}
void* subtraction(void* arg) {
   intptr_t core = (intptr_t)arg;
   // Each thread computes 1/3rd of matrix subtraction
   for (int i = core * MAX / 3; i < (core + 1) * MAX / 3; i++) {
      for (int j = 0; j < MAX; j++) {
         sub[i][j] = AMat[i][j] - BMat[i][j];
      }
   }
}
void display(){
   cout << "Matrix A: " << endl;
   for(int i = 0; i < MAX; i++) {
      for(int j = 0; j < MAX; j++) {
         cout << AMat[i][j] << " ";
      }
      cout << endl;
   }
   cout << "\nMatrix B: " << endl;
   for(int i = 0; i < MAX; i++) {
      for(int j = 0; j < MAX; j++) {
         cout << BMat[i][j] << " ";
      }
      cout << endl;
   }
}
void displayRes(){
   cout << "\nAddition: " << endl;
   for(int i = 0; i < MAX; i++) {
      for(int j = 0; j < MAX; j++) {
         cout << add[i][j] << " ";
      }
      cout << endl;
   }
   cout << "\nSubtraction: " << endl;
   for(int i = 0; i < MAX; i++) {
      for(int j = 0; j < MAX; j++) {
         cout << sub[i][j] << " ";
      }
      cout << endl;
   }
}
main() {
   display();
   int step = 0;
   for (int i = 0; i < CORE; i++) {
      pthread_create(&thread[i], NULL, &addMatrices, (void*)step);
      pthread_create(&thread[i + CORE], NULL, &subtraction, (void*)step);
      step++;
   }
   for (int i = 0; i < CORE * 2; i++) {
      pthread_join(thread[i], NULL);
   }
   displayRes();
}

Output

Matrix A:
10 20 30
40 50 60
70 80 50
Matrix B:
80 60 20
30 20 15
10 14 35
Addition:
90 80 50
70 70 75
80 94 85
Subtraction:
-70 -40 10
10 30 45
60 66 15
raja
Published on 20-Aug-2019 07:19:09
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