Java Program to Add Two Matrix Using Multi-Dimensional Arrays

JavaCampus InterviewServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this article, we will understand how to add two matrix using multi-dimensional arrays. The matrix has a row and column arrangement of its elements. A matrix with m rows and n columns can be called as m × n matrix. Individual entries in the matrix are called element and can be represented by a[i][j] which suggests that the element a is present in the ith row and jth column.

Below is a demonstration of the same −

Suppose our input is

First matrix:
2 3 4
5 2 3
4 6 9

Second matrix:
1 5 3
5 6 3
8 1 5

The desired output would be

The sum of the two matrices is:
3 8 7
10 8 6
12 7 14

Algorithm

Step 1 - START
Step 2 - Declare three integer matrices namely input_matrix_1, input_matrix_1 and resultant_matrix
Step 3 - Define the values.
Step 4 - Iterate over each element of the both the matrices using for-loop and add the element at [i][j] position of the first matrix with the element at [i][j] position of the second matrix and store the value at [i][j] position of the resultant matrix.
Step 5 - Display the result matrix
Step 5 - Stop

Example 1

Here, we bind all the operations together under the ‘main’ function.

public class AddMatrices {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      int matrix_size = 3;
      int[][] input_matrix_1 = {
         {2, 3, 4},
         {5, 2, 3},
         {4, 6, 9}
      };
      System.out.println("The first matrix is defined as: \n");
      for (int i = 0; i < matrix_size; i++) {
         for (int j = 0; j < matrix_size; j++) {
            System.out.print(input_matrix_1[i][j] + " ");
         }
         System.out.println();
      }
      int[][] input_matrix_2 = {
         {1, 5, 3},
         {5, 6, 3},
         {8, 1, 5}
      };
      System.out.println("The second matrix is defined as: \n");
      for (int i = 0; i < matrix_size; i++) {
         for (int j = 0; j < matrix_size; j++) {
            System.out.print(input_matrix_2[i][j] + " ");
         }
         System.out.println();
      }
      int[][] resultant_matrix = new int[matrix_size][matrix_size];
      for(int i = 0; i < matrix_size; i++) {
         for (int j = 0; j < matrix_size; j++) {
            resultant_matrix[i][j] = input_matrix_1[i][j] + input_matrix_2[i][j];
         }
      }
      System.out.println("The sum of the two matrices is: ");
      for(int[] row : resultant_matrix) {
         for (int column : row) {
            System.out.print(column + " ");
         }
         System.out.println();
      }
   }
}

Output

The first matrix is defined as:
2 3 4
5 2 3
4 6 9

The second matrix is defined as:
1 5 3
5 6 3
8 1 5

The sum of the two matrices is:
3 8 7
10 8 6
12 7 14

Example 2

Here, we encapsulate the operations into functions exhibiting object-oriented programming.

public class AddMatrices {
   static int matrix_size = 3;
   static void add(int input_matrix_1[][], int input_matrix_2[][]){
      for (int i = 0; i < matrix_size; i++) {
         for (int j = 0; j < matrix_size; j++) {
            System.out.print(input_matrix_2[i][j] + " ");
         }
         System.out.println();
      }
      int[][] resultant_matrix = new int[matrix_size][matrix_size];
      for(int i = 0; i < matrix_size; i++) {
         for (int j = 0; j < matrix_size; j++) {
            resultant_matrix[i][j] = input_matrix_1[i][j] + input_matrix_2[i][j];
         }
      }
      System.out.println("\nThe sum of the two matrices is: ");
      for(int[] row : resultant_matrix) {
         for (int column : row) {
            System.out.print(column + " ");
         }
         System.out.println();
      }
   }
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      int[][] input_matrix_1 = {
         {2, 3, 4},
         {5, 2, 3},
         {4, 6, 9}
      };
      System.out.println("The first matrix is defined as:");
      for (int i = 0; i < matrix_size; i++) {
         for (int j = 0; j < matrix_size; j++) {
            System.out.print(input_matrix_1[i][j] + " ");
         }
         System.out.println();
      }
      int[][] input_matrix_2 = { {1, 5, 3},
         {5, 6, 3},
         {8, 1, 5}
      };
      System.out.println("\nThe second matrix is defined as: ");
      add(input_matrix_1, input_matrix_2);
   }
}

Output

The first matrix is defined as:
2 3 4
5 2 3
4 6 9

The second matrix is defined as:
1 5 3
5 6 3
8 1 5

The sum of the two matrices is:
3 8 7
10 8 6
12 7 14
raja
Updated on 29-Mar-2022 09:38:26

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