Found 1012 Articles for Safe & Security

Challenge Response Authentication Mechanism (CRAM)

Satish Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 18:14:30
Challenge Response Authentication Mechanism (CRAM) is a type of authentication method that is used to verify the identity of a user or device. This method of authentication is based on the principle of challenging the user or device to prove their identity by providing a specific response to a challenge. CRAM is commonly used in network security and is a popular method of authentication for devices and systems that require a high level of security. What is CRAM? CRAM is a type of authentication mechanism that is based on the principle of challenging a user or device to prove their ... Read More

Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)

Satish Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 18:11:57
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) is a widely used authentication method that provides an added layer of security to network connections. This protocol is commonly used in Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) connections, such as those used for dial-up internet access or virtual private network (VPN) connections. The basic principle of CHAP is that it challenges the connecting client to prove their identity by providing a specific response to a unique challenge. This challenge-response mechanism is designed to prevent unauthorized access and protect against replay attacks. How CHAP Works CHAP uses a three-step process to authenticate a client. The first step is ... Read More

CATA protocol in Computer Network

Satish Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 18:06:37
Computer networks are becoming more and more complex as technology advances. One of the key protocols that helps manage this complexity is the Common Address Redundancy Algorithm (CATA) protocol. This protocol is designed to help manage the process of assigning and managing IP addresses in a network. In this article, we will discuss the CATA protocol in depth, including its key features, how it works, and some examples of how it is used in real-world networks. What is the CATA Protocol? The CATA protocol is a protocol that is used to manage IP addresses in a network. It is designed ... Read More

Backup Security Measures

Raunak Jain
Updated on 10-Jan-2023 17:08:53
Backup Security Measures: Protecting Your Data from Loss or CorruptionAs a business owner or IT professional, you understand the importance of backing up your data. Regular backups ensure that you have a copy of your important files and documents in case of a system failure, cyber attack, or natural disaster. However, it's not enough to simply make backups; you also need to implement strong security measures to protect those backups from unauthorized access or tampering. In this article, we'll discuss the various backup security measures that you can take to safeguard your data and keep it secure. The Risk of ... Read More

The Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange

Satish Kumar
Updated on 10-Jan-2023 11:14:15
What is Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange (exponential key exchange)? The Diffie-Hellman key exchange (also known as exponential key exchange) is a method for securely exchanging cryptographic keys over an insecure channel. It is a fundamental building block of many secure communication protocols, including SSL/TLS and SSH. The Diffie-Hellman key exchange works by allowing two parties (Alice and Bob) to agree on a shared secret key over an insecure channel, without any other party being able to intercept the key or learn anything about it. The key exchange involves the following steps − Alice and Bob agree on two large prime ... Read More

The Reflection Attack

Satish Kumar
Updated on 10-Jan-2023 11:04:24
What is Reflection Attack? A reflection attack is a type of cyber attack in which the attacker sends a large number of requests to a server, each with the victim's IP address as the source address. The server responds to these requests, sending a large number of responses back to the victim. This can cause the victim's network connection to become overloaded, disrupting their access to the Internet or other network resources. Reflection attacks are often used in conjunction with amplification attacks, in which the attacker uses a server with a large response capacity (such as a DNS server) to ... Read More

Types of Authentication Protocols

Satish Kumar
Updated on 10-Jan-2023 11:02:27
Authentication protocols are methods or procedures used to verify the identity of a user, device, or system. These protocols are designed to ensure that only authorized users or devices are able to access protected resources, and to prevent unauthorized access or tampering. Types of Authentication There are many different types of authentication protocols in use today, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. Here are some common types of authentication − Password-based authentication − This is the most common form of authentication, in which a user provides a username and password to log in to a system or access ... Read More

Hashed Message Authentication Code (HMAC)

Satish Kumar
Updated on 10-Jan-2023 10:57:46
What is HMAC? HMAC (short for "Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code") is a cryptographic hash function that uses a secret key as input to the hash function along with the message being hashed. The resulting hash value is unique to the message and the secret key, and can be used to verify the integrity and authenticity of the message. HMAC is widely used as a secure way to authenticate messages in various communication protocols, including HTTP, SSL, SSH, and many others. It is also commonly used to generate secure hashes for storing passwords, generating unique tokens for session management, and for ... Read More

Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP)

Satish Kumar
Updated on 10-Jan-2023 10:51:04
What is ISAKMP? Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) is a framework for establishing security associations (SAs) and performing key exchange in a secure manner. SAS are agreements between two devices that define how they will communicate securely. Key exchange refers to the process of exchanging keys or other cryptographic material that is used to secure communication. ISAKMP is a protocol that defines the structure and format of messages used to establish and maintain SAs. It does not specify the actual cryptographic algorithms or keys that are used. Instead, it provides a framework for negotiating these details and ... Read More

Birthday attack in Cryptography

Satish Kumar
Updated on 10-Jan-2023 10:47:59
What is a Birthday Attack? A birthday attack is a type of cryptographic attack that relies on the birthday paradox to find a collision in a hash function. A hash function is a mathematical function that takes an input (called a message) and produces a fixed-size output (called a hash value or hash). The output is usually represented as a string of characters. One of the main properties of a hash function is that it is very difficult to generate the same hash value from two different input messages. This property is called collision resistance. The birthday paradox is a ... Read More