- Trending Categories
- Data Structure
- Operating System
- MS Excel
- C Programming
- Social Studies
- Fashion Studies
- Legal Studies
- Selected Reading
- UPSC IAS Exams Notes
- Developer's Best Practices
- Questions and Answers
- Effective Resume Writing
- HR Interview Questions
- Computer Glossary
- Who is Who
Answer question numbers (a) to (d) on the basis of your understanding of the following information and related studied concepts. Thyroid gland is a bilobed structure situated in our neck region. It secretes a hormone called thyroxine. Iodine is necessary for the thyroid gland to make thyroxine. Thyroxine regulates carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism in the body. It promotes growth of body tissues also. When there is an excess of thyroxine in the body, a person suffers from hyperthyroidism and if this gland is underactive it results in hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is diagnosed by blood tests that measure the levels of thyroxine and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). Hypothyroidism is caused due to the deficiency of iodine in our diet resulting in a disease called goitre. Iodised salt can be included in our diet to control it. (a) Where is thyroid gland situated in our body? (b) State the function of thyroxine in human body. (c) What is hyperthyroidism? (d) How can we control hypothyroidism?
The thyroid gland is one of the most important endocrine glands in our body. It is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, just below the Adam's apple. The thyroid gland produces hormones that play a crucial role in regulating our metabolism, energy levels, body temperature, and other bodily functions. Given below are the answers for questions on thyroid gland.
(a) Where Is the Thyroid Gland Situated in Our Body?
The thyroid gland is located in the front part of the neck, just below the Adam's apple. It is a small, butterfly-shaped gland that consists of two lobes that are connected by a narrow band of tissue called the isthmus. The thyroid gland is situated just in front of the trachea (windpipe) and below the larynx (voice box).
The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland, which means it produces hormones that regulate various bodily functions. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones are essential for the proper functioning of the body's metabolism and play a crucial role in maintaining optimal health.
(b) State The Function of Thyroxine in The Human Body
Thyroxine (T4) is one of the two hormones produced by the thyroid gland. It is a prohormone that is converted to the more active hormone triiodothyronine (T3) in the body's tissues. Thyroxine plays a crucial role in regulating the body's metabolism and energy levels. Some of the important functions of thyroxine in the human body are as follows:
Thyroxine plays a crucial role in regulating the body's metabolism. It controls the rate at which the body burns calories and converts food into energy. A deficiency of thyroxine can lead to a slow metabolism, which can result in weight gain, fatigue, and other health problems.
Promoting Growth and Development
Thyroxine is essential for the proper growth and development of the body. It is particularly important for the growth and development of the brain and nervous system in infants and young children.
Regulating Body Temperature
Thyroxine helps to regulate the body's temperature. It increases the body's heat production and can cause an increase in body temperature. This is why people with hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid) often feel hot and sweaty.
Maintaining Healthy Skin and Hair
Thyroxine helps to maintain healthy skin and hair. A deficiency of thyroxine can lead to dry skin, hair loss, and other skin and hair problems.
Regulating Heart Rate
Thyroxine plays a role in regulating the heart rate. It increases the heart rate and can cause an increase in blood pressure. A deficiency of thyroxine can lead to a slow heart rate, which can result in fatigue, weakness, and other health problems.
(c) What Is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much thyroxine. It is also known as an overactive thyroid. Hyperthyroidism can be caused by a variety of factors, including Graves' disease, thyroid nodules, and thyroiditis.
Some of The Common Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism Are as Follows:
Weight Loss: People with hyperthyroidism often experience unexplained weight loss.
Increased Appetite: People with hyperthyroidism often experience an increased appetite.
Rapid Heart Rate: Hyperthyroidism can cause a rapid heart rate, palpitations, and an irregular heartbeat.
Anxiety and Nervousness: Hyperthyroidism can cause anxiety, nervousness, and irritability.
Tremors: People with hyperthyroidism may experience trembling or shaking of the hands and fingers.
Sweating: People with hyperthyroidism often feel hot and sweaty, even in cool temperatures.
Fatigue: Despite feeling anxious and jittery, people with hyperthyroidism may also experience fatigue and weakness.
Changes in Menstrual Cycle: Hyperthyroidism can cause changes in the menstrual cycle, including lighter or shorter periods.
Muscle Weakness: Hyperthyroidism can cause muscle weakness, especially in the arms and legs.
Changes in Vision: Hyperthyroidism can cause eye problems, including bulging eyes, sensitivity to light, and double vision.
(d) How Can We Control Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroxine. It is also known as an underactive thyroid. Hypothyroidism can be caused by a variety of factors, including Hashimoto's thyroiditis, thyroid surgery, and radiation therapy.
Some of The Common Symptoms of Hypothyroidism Are as Follows:
Weight Gain: People with hypothyroidism often experience unexplained weight gain.
Fatigue: People with hypothyroidism often feel tired and sluggish, even after getting enough sleep.
Cold Intolerance: Hypothyroidism can cause an intolerance to cold temperatures
Constipation: Hypothyroidism can cause constipation and other digestive problems.
Dry Skin and Hair: People with hypothyroidism often have dry skin and hair.
Muscle Weakness: Hypothyroidism can cause muscle weakness and aches, especially in the arms and legs.
Depression: Hypothyroidism can cause depression and other mood disorders.
Menstrual Irregularities: Hypothyroidism can cause changes in the menstrual cycle, including heavier and longer periods.
Memory Problems: Hypothyroidism can cause memory problems, difficulty concentrating, and brain fog.
The treatment for hypothyroidism usually involves taking a daily dose of synthetic thyroxine. This medication is identical to the thyroxine produced by the thyroid gland and can help to restore normal levels of the hormone in the body. It is important to take the medication as prescribed and to have regular follow-up visits with your healthcare provider to ensure that your thyroid levels are stable.
In addition to taking medication, there are also some lifestyle changes that can help to control hypothyroidism. These include:
Eating a Healthy Diet: A diet that is rich in nutrients and low in processed foods can help to support thyroid function.
Getting Regular Exercise: Exercise can help to boost energy levels and support thyroid function.
Managing Stress: Stress can have a negative impact on thyroid function, so it is important to find ways to manage stress, such as through meditation, yoga, or other relaxation techniques.
Getting Enough Sleep: Sleep is important for overall health and can help to support thyroid function.
The thyroid gland is a small but powerful gland that plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions. Thyroxine, one of the hormones produced by the thyroid gland, is essential for maintaining a healthy metabolism, energy levels, body temperature, and other bodily functions.
Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are two common thyroid conditions that can cause a range of symptoms and health problems. With proper diagnosis and treatment, however, these conditions can be effectively managed, allowing individuals to lead healthy, active lives.
Kickstart Your Career
Get certified by completing the courseGet Started