An object is placed at a distance of 10 cm from a convex mirror of focal length 15 cm. Find the position and nature of the image.

AcademicPhysicsNCERTClass 10

Given: An object is placed at a distance of 10 cm from a convex mirror of focal length 8 cm. So $u = -10\ cm$ and $f =15\  cm$.

To find: The position and nature of the image

Solution:

We know, mirror formula is:

$\frac{1}{\mathrm{v}}+\frac{1}{\mathrm{u}}=\frac{1}{\mathrm{f}}$

We have $u = -10\ cm$ and $f =15\ cm$

$\frac{1}{\mathrm{v}}-\frac{1}{10}=\frac{1}{15}$

$\frac{1}{\mathrm{v}}=\frac{1}{15}+\frac{1}{10}=\frac{1}{6}$

$\mathrm{v}=6\ cm$

Hence image will be formed $6\ \mathrm{cm}$ beyond the mirror. So it is a virtual image.


magnification $\mathrm{m}=\frac{-\mathrm{v}}{\mathrm{u}}=\frac{- 6}{-10}=0.6$

Hence the image will be erect and diminished.

raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:20:04

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