An object 5.0 cm in length is placed at a distance of 20 cm in front of a convex mirror of radius of curvature 30 cm. Find the position of the image, its nature and size.

AcademicPhysicsNCERTClass 10

Given: Distance of the object from the mirror, $u=-20\ cm$

The radius of the curvature $R=30\ cm$

Focal length $f=\frac{R}{2}=\frac{30}{2}=15\ cm$

Size of the object, $h=5\ cm$

Let $h\'$ be the size of the image.
From mirror formula,  


Or $\frac{1}{-20}+\frac{1}{v}=\frac{1}{15}$

Or $\frac{1}{v}=\frac{1}{15}+\frac{1}{20}$

Or $\frac{1}{v}=\frac{7}{60}$

Or $v=\frac{60}{7}$

Or $v=8.57\ cm$

The image is formed $8.57\ cm$ behind the mirror. It is virtual and erect.

Magnification, $m=-\frac{v}{u}=\frac{8.57}{20}=0.428$

Also, $m=\frac{h\'}{h}$

Or $m=\frac{h\'}{5}$

From above, $\frac{h\'}{5}=0.428$

$h\'=2.14\ cm$
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:20:04