All Possible Full Binary Trees in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose a full binary tree is a binary tree where each node has exactly 0 or 2 children. So we have to find a list of all possible full binary trees with N nodes. Each node of each tree in the answer must have node.val = 0. The returned trees can be in any order. So if the input is 7, then the trees are −

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Define a map m of integer type key and tree type value.

  • define a method called allPossibleFBT(), this will take N as input

  • is N is 1, then create a tree with one node whose value is 0, and return

  • if m has the key N, then return m[N]  Define an array called temp, and req := N – 1

  • for left in range 1 to req – 1

    • right := req – left

    • if left = 2 or right = 2, then go for next iteration

    • leftPart := allPossibleFBT(left), rightPart := allPossibleFBT(right)

    • for j in range 0 to size of leftPart - 1

      • for k in range 0 to size of rightPart – 1

        • root := a new node with value 0

        • left of root := leftPart[j], right of root := rightPart[k]

        • insert root into ans

  • set m[N] := ans and return.

Example(C++)

Let us see the following implementation to get a better understanding −

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class TreeNode{
   public:
      int val;
      TreeNode *left, *right;
      TreeNode(int data){
         val = data;
         left = right = NULL;
      }
};
void tree_level_trav(TreeNode*root){
   if (root == NULL) return;
      cout << "[";
   queue<TreeNode *> q;
   TreeNode *curr;
   q.push(root);
   q.push(NULL);
   while (q.size() > 1) {
      curr = q.front();
      q.pop();
      if (curr == NULL){
         q.push(NULL);
      } else {
            if(curr->left)
               q.push(curr->left);
            if(curr->right)
               q.push(curr->right);
            if(curr == NULL || curr->val == 0){
               cout << "null" << ", ";
            } else {
            cout << curr->val << ", ";
         }
      }
   }
   cout << "]"<<endl;
}
class Solution {
   public:
   map < int, vector <TreeNode*> > m;
   vector<TreeNode*> allPossibleFBT(int N) {
      if(N == 1){
         vector <TreeNode*> temp;
         TreeNode *n = new TreeNode(1);
         n->left = new TreeNode(0);
         n->right = new TreeNode(0);
         temp.push_back(n);
         return temp;
      }
      if(m.count(N))return m[N];
      vector <TreeNode*> ans;
      int required = N - 1;
      for(int left = 1; left < required; left++){
         int right = required - left;
         if(left == 2 || right == 2)continue;
         vector <TreeNode*> leftPart = allPossibleFBT(left);
         vector <TreeNode*> rightPart = allPossibleFBT(right);
         for(int j = 0; j < leftPart.size(); j++){
            for(int k = 0; k < rightPart.size(); k++){
               TreeNode* root = new TreeNode(1);
               root->left = leftPart[j];
               root->right = rightPart[k];
               ans.push_back(root);
            }
         }
      }
      return m[N] = ans;
   }
};
main(){
   vector<TreeNode*> v;
   Solution ob;
   v = (ob.allPossibleFBT(7)) ;
   for(TreeNode *t : v){
      tree_level_trav(t);
   }
}

Input

7

Output

[1, 1, 1, null, null, 1, 1, null, null, 1, 1, null, null, null, null, ]
[1, 1, 1, null, null, 1, 1, 1, 1, null, null, null, null, null, null, ]
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, null, null, null, null, null, null, null, null, ]
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, null, null, null, null, 1, 1, null, null, null, null, ]
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, null, null, 1, 1, null, null, null, null, null, null, ]
raja
Published on 17-Mar-2020 06:30:39
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