(a) Write the formula and draw the electron dot structure of carbon tetrachloride.
(b) What is saponification? Write the reaction involved in this process.



(a) Carbon tetrachloride- CCl4
"carbon

(b) The process of preparing soap by the hydrolysis of fats or oils with alkalis is known as saponification.

When animal fat or vegetable oil (ester) is heated with concentrated sodium hydroxide solution, soap and glycerol (alcohol) are formed.

The equation can be written as:
Fat or oil (Ester) + Sodium Hydroxide (alkali) → Soap (sodium salt of fatty acid) + Glycerol (an alcohol)
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