A student takes about 4 ml of distilled water in four test tubes marked P, Q, R and S. He then dissolves in each test tube an equal amount of one salt in one test tube, namely sodium sulphate in P, potassium sulphate in Q, calcium sulphate in R and magnesium sulphate in S. After that he adds an equal amount of soap solution in each test tube. On shaking each of these test tubes well, he observes a good amount of lather (foam) in the test tube marked.(A) P and Q (B) Q and R (C) P, Q and S (D) P, R and S

Correct Answer: (A) P and Q

Explanation: Lather is formed by the reaction of soap solution with sodium sulphate and potassium sulphate in the test tubes P and Q, respectively. They are dissolved in water to give a neutral solution. Sulphates, chlorides and bicarbonates of calcium and magnesium make the water hard. Thus, the lather is not formed in the test tubes R and S.

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