What is a pre-processor directive in C#?

CsharpProgrammingServer Side Programming

C# compiler does not have a separate preprocessor; however, the directives are processed as if there was one. In C# the preprocessor directives are used to help in conditional compilation.

The preprocessor directives give instruction to the compiler to preprocess the information before actual compilation starts.

The following are the preprocessor directives in C# −

Sr.No.Preprocessor Directive & Description
1#define
It defines a sequence of characters, called symbol.
2#undef
It allows you to undefine a symbol.
3#if
It allows testing a symbol or symbols to see if they evaluate to true.
4#else
It allows to create a compound conditional directive, along with #if.
5#elif
It allows creating a compound conditional directive.
6#endif
Specifies the end of a conditional directive.
7#line
It lets you modify the compiler's line number and (optionally) the file name output for errors and warnings.
8#error
It allows generating an error from a specific location in your code.
9#warning
It allows generating a level one warning from a specific location in your code.
10#region
It lets you specify a block of code that you can expand or collapse when using the outlining feature of the Visual Studio Code Editor.
11#endregion
It marks the end of a #region block.

Let us see an example to learn about the usage of pre-processor directive in C# −

Example

#define PI
using System;

namespace Demo {
   class Program {
      static void Main(string[] args) {
         #if (PI)
         Console.WriteLine("PI is defined");
         #else
         Console.WriteLine("PI is not defined");
         #endif
         Console.ReadKey();
      }
   }
}
raja
Published on 13-Aug-2018 12:04:49
Advertisements