What is Raw String Notation in Python regular expression?

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Raw String Notation

According to Python docs, raw string notation (r"text") keeps regular expressions meaningful and confusion-free. Without it, every backslash ('\') in a regular expression would have to be prefixed with another one to escape it. For example, the two following lines of code are functionally identical −

>>> re.match(r"\W(.)\1\W", " ff ")
<_sre.SRE_Match object; span=(0, 4), match=' ff '>
>>> re.match("\\W(.)\\1\\W", " ff ")
<_sre.SRE_Match object; span=(0, 4), match=' ff '>

When one wants to match a literal backslash, it must be escaped in the regular expression. With raw string notation, this means r"\\". Without raw string notation, one must use "\\\\", making the following lines of code functionally identical −

>>> re.match(r"\\", r"\\")
<_sre.SRE_Match object; span=(0, 1), match='\\'>
>>> re.match("\\\\", r"\\")
<_sre.SRE_Match object; span=(0, 1), match='\\'>
raja
Published on 11-Jan-2018 11:04:35
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