AWT List Class


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Introduction

The List represents a list of text items. The list can be configured to that user can choose either one item or multiple items.

Class declaration

Following is the declaration for java.awt.List class:

public class List
   extends Component
      implements ItemSelectable, Accessible

Class constructors

S.N.Constructor & Description
1

List()

Creates a new scrolling list.

2

List(int rows)

Creates a new scrolling list initialized with the specified number of visible lines.

3

List(int rows, boolean multipleMode)

Creates a new scrolling list initialized to display the specified number of rows.

Class methods

<T extends EventListener> T[] getListeners(Class<T> listenerType)

Returns an array of all the objects currently registered as FooListeners upon this List.

S.N.Method & Description
1

void add(String item)

Adds the specified item to the end of scrolling list.

2

void add(String item, int index)

Adds the specified item to the the scrolling list at the position indicated by the index.

3

void addActionListener(ActionListener l)

Adds the specified action listener to receive action events from this list.

4

void addItem(String item)

Deprecated. replaced by add(String).

5

void addItem(String item, int index)

Deprecated. replaced by add(String, int).

6

void addItemListener(ItemListener l)

Adds the specified item listener to receive item events from this list.

7

void addNotify()

Creates the peer for the list.

8

boolean allowsMultipleSelections()

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by isMultipleMode().

9

void clear()

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by removeAll().

10

int countItems()

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by getItemCount().

11

void delItem(int position)

Deprecated. replaced by remove(String) and remove(int).

12

void delItems(int start, int end)

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, Not for public use in the future. This method is expected to be retained only as a package private method.

13

void deselect(int index)

Deselects the item at the specified index.

14

AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()

Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this List.

15

ActionListener[] getActionListeners()

Returns an array of all the action listeners registered on this list.

16

String getItem(int index)

Gets the item associated with the specified index.

17

int getItemCount()

Gets the number of items in the list.

18

ItemListener[] getItemListeners()

Returns an array of all the item listeners registered on this list.

19

String[] getItems()

Gets the items in the list.

20

Dimension getMinimumSize()

Determines the minimum size of this scrolling list.

21

Dimension getMinimumSize(int rows)

Gets the minumum dimensions for a list with the specified number of rows.

22

Dimension getPreferredSize()

Gets the preferred size of this scrolling list.

23

Dimension getPreferredSize(int rows)

Gets the preferred dimensions for a list with the specified number of rows.

24

int getRows()

Gets the number of visible lines in this list.

25

int getSelectedIndex()

Gets the index of the selected item on the list,

26

int[] getSelectedIndexes()

Gets the selected indexes on the list.

27

String getSelectedItem()

Gets the selected item on this scrolling list.

28

String[] getSelectedItems()

Gets the selected items on this scrolling list.

29

Object[] getSelectedObjects()

Gets the selected items on this scrolling list in an array of Objects.

30

int getVisibleIndex()

Gets the index of the item that was last made visible by the method makeVisible.

31

boolean isIndexSelected(int index)

Determines if the specified item in this scrolling list is selected.

32

boolean isMultipleMode()

Determines whether this list allows multiple selections.

33

boolean isSelected(int index)

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by isIndexSelected(int).

34

void makeVisible(int index)

Makes the item at the specified index visible.

35

Dimension minimumSize()

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by getMinimumSize().

36

Dimension minimumSize(int rows)

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by getMinimumSize(int).

37

protected String paramString()

Returns the parameter string representing the state of this scrolling list.

38

Dimension preferredSize()

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by getPreferredSize().

39

Dimension preferredSize(int rows)

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by getPreferredSize(int).

40

protected void processActionEvent(ActionEvent e)

Processes action events occurring on this component by dispatching them to any registered ActionListener objects.

41

protected void processEvent(AWTEvent e)

Processes events on this scrolling list.

42

protected void processItemEvent(ItemEvent e)

Processes item events occurring on this list by dispatching them to any registered ItemListener objects.

43

void remove(int position)

Removes the item at the specified position from this scrolling list.

44

void remove(String item)

Removes the first occurrence of an item from the list.

45

void removeActionListener(ActionListener l)

Removes the specified action listener so that it no longer receives action events from this list.

46

void removeAll()

Removes all items from this list.

47

void removeItemListener(ItemListener l)

Removes the specified item listener so that it no longer receives item events from this list.

48

void removeNotify()

Removes the peer for this list.

49

void replaceItem(String newValue, int index)

Replaces the item at the specified index in the scrolling list with the new string.

50

void select(int index)

Selects the item at the specified index in the scrolling list.

51

void setMultipleMode(boolean b)

Sets the flag that determines whether this list allows multiple selections.

52

void setMultipleSelections(boolean b)

Deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by setMultipleMode(boolean).

Methods inherited

This class inherits methods from the following classes:

  • java.awt.Component

  • java.lang.Object

List Example

Create the following java program using any editor of your choice in say D:/ > AWT > com > tutorialspoint > gui >

AwtControlDemo.java
package com.tutorialspoint.gui;

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;

public class AwtControlDemo {

   private Frame mainFrame;
   private Label headerLabel;
   private Label statusLabel;
   private Panel controlPanel;

   public AwtControlDemo(){
      prepareGUI();
   }

   public static void main(String[] args){
      AwtControlDemo  awtControlDemo = new AwtControlDemo();
      awtControlDemo.showListDemo();
   }

   private void prepareGUI(){
      mainFrame = new Frame("Java AWT Examples");
      mainFrame.setSize(400,400);
      mainFrame.setLayout(new GridLayout(3, 1));
      mainFrame.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent windowEvent){
            System.exit(0);
         }        
      });    
      headerLabel = new Label();
      headerLabel.setAlignment(Label.CENTER);
      statusLabel = new Label();        
      statusLabel.setAlignment(Label.CENTER);
      statusLabel.setSize(350,100);

      controlPanel = new Panel();
      controlPanel.setLayout(new FlowLayout());

      mainFrame.add(headerLabel);
      mainFrame.add(controlPanel);
      mainFrame.add(statusLabel);
      mainFrame.setVisible(true);  
   }

   private void showListDemo(){                                       

      headerLabel.setText("Control in action: List"); 
      final List fruitList = new List(4,false);

      fruitList.add("Apple");
      fruitList.add("Grapes");
      fruitList.add("Mango");
      fruitList.add("Peer");

      final List vegetableList = new List(4,true);
   
      vegetableList.add("Lady Finger");
      vegetableList.add("Onion");
      vegetableList.add("Potato");
      vegetableList.add("Tomato");

      Button showButton = new Button("Show");

      showButton.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {

         public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {     
            String data = "Fruits Selected: " 
               + fruitList.getItem(fruitList.getSelectedIndex());
            data += ", Vegetables selected: ";
            for(String vegetable:vegetableList.getSelectedItems()){
               data += vegetable + " ";
            }
            statusLabel.setText(data);
         }
      }); 

      controlPanel.add(fruitList);
      controlPanel.add(vegetableList);
      controlPanel.add(showButton);

      mainFrame.setVisible(true);  
   }
}

Compile the program using command prompt. Go to D:/ > AWT and type the following command.

D:\AWT>javac com\tutorialspoint\gui\AwtControlDemo.java

If no error comes that means compilation is successful. Run the program using following command.

D:\AWT>java com.tutorialspoint.gui.AwtControlDemo

Verify the following output

AWT List
awt_controls.htm

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