Write an example program on structure using C language

CServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

The structure is a collection of different datatype variables, grouped together under a single name Syntax.

Declaration and initialization of structures

The general form of structure declaration is as follows −

datatype member1;
struct tagname{
   datatype member2;
   datatype member n;
};

Here, struct - keyword

         tagname - specifies name of structure

         member1, member2 - specifies the data items that makeup structure.

Example

struct book{
   int pages;
   char author [30];
   float price;
};

Structure variables

There are three ways of declaring structure variables. They are as follows −

1) struct book{
   int pages;
   char author[30];
   float price;
}b;
2) struct{
   int pages;
   char author[30];
   float price;
}b;
3) struct book{
   int pages;
   char author[30];
   float price;
};
struct book b;

Initialization and accessing of structures

  • The link between a member and a structure variable is established using the member operator (or) dot operator.

  • Initialization can be done in the following ways −

Method 1

struct book{
   int pages;
   char author[30];
   float price;
} b = {100, “balu", 325.75};

Method 2

struct book{
   int pages;
   char author[30];
   float price;
};
struct book b = {100, “balu", 325.75};

Method 3 (using member operator)

struct book{
   int pages;
   char author[30];
   float price;
} ;
struct book b;
   b. pages = 100;
   strcpy (b.author, “balu");
   b.price = 325.75;

Method 4 (using scanf function)

struct book{
   int pages;
   char author[30];
   float price;
} ;
struct book b;
   scanf (“%d", &b.pages);
   scanf (“%s", b.author);
   scanf (“%f", &b. price);

We can print the contents of either of the above structures in the main method as shown below −

main ( ){
   struct book b;
   clrscr ( );
   printf ( "enter no of pages, author, price of book");
   scanf ("%d%s%f", &b.pages, b.author, &b.price);
   printf("Details of book are");
   printf("pages =%d, author = %s, price = %f", b.pages, b.author, b.price);
   getch();
}

Example

Following is another example of structures −

 Live Demo

#include<stdio.h>
struct aaa{
   struct aaa *prev;
   int i;
   struct aaa *next;
};
main(){
   struct aaa abc,def,ghi,jkl;
   int x=100;
   abc.i=0;
   abc.prev=&jkl;
   abc.next=&def;
   def.i=1;
   def.prev=&abc;
   def.next=&ghi;
   ghi.i=2;ghi.prev=&def;
   ghi.next=&jkl;
   jkl.i=3;
   jkl.prev=&ghi;
   jkl.next=&abc;
   x=abc.next->next->prev->next->i;
   printf("%d",x);
}

Output

2
raja
Published on 05-Mar-2021 12:56:13
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