What UPA, NDA and Third Front in Indian Politics?


The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) is a coalition of center-left political parties in India came into existence after the 2004 General Elections. Being the largest party of the UPA, Congress or Indian National Congress commands this alliance. Rahul Gandhi is the National President of UPA succeeded the chair after Sonia Gandhi. In 2004, UPA formed the government with the support from other left-aligned parties.


The National Democratic Alliance or the NDA is a center-right coalition of political parties in India. This party is in association with more than 20 parties and is largely led by BJP (Bhartiya Janata Party). It came into existence in May 1998.

Third Front

In the Indian politics, the third front refers to different alliances established by smaller or regional parties at different stages of time since 1989 to provide a third option to the Indian voters other than Congress and BJP.

Some of the Fronts are Listed Here:

  • National Front (1989-1991)
  • United Front (1996-1998)
  • Federal Front (2018)